Kriat Shemah (accepting the yoke of G-d's kingship)
1b Shabbat and Yom Kippur
Teshuvah is a two-way process. We are knocking on G-d's door as poor people bereft of mitzvot. If both us and Hashem participate in the Teshuva process (Hashiveinu Hashem Elecha veNashuva), then both are pturim.
2a Eruvim and Sukkot
- Gemara discussion compares it to Sukkah.
- Aravah; mixing, shaking together the arbah minim
2b Pesachim and Cheshvan
Or L'Arbah Asar Bodkim et HaChametz L'Or HaNer.
3a Shekalim and Cheshvan
Temple, elevating the physical (two halves - male and female - see Heh and Vav
3b Yoma and Cheshvan/Rosh Chodesh Kislev
Yahrzeit of Matisyahu Kohen Gadol
4a Sukkah and Kislev/Chanukah
8 days paralleling Sukkot; siyum is the story of Miriam bat Bilgah, at the time of Chanukah, who had assimilated and married a Greek guard, who kicked the altar.
4b Beitzah and Kislev/Chanukah
Egg that was born on Yom Tov is something that was concealed that is now revealed
5a Rosh Hashanah and Chanukah/Teveth
- Rosh Chodesh was mitzvah Greeks wanted to abolish. The calendar is the source of Jewish wisdom in the eyes of the nation.
- Machloket regarding Nissan and Tishrei reflects Machloket Yehudah and Yosef
5b Ta'anit and Teveth/Fast of Teveth
6a Megillah and Teveth
Law of Blessing before the Torah / Torah Sh'Bichtav
6b Moed Katan and Yud Shvat (day of Siyum)
Mourning for the Friediker Rebbe
7a Chagigah and Tu B'Shvat
Trees singing (Chagigah 14b)
7b Yevamot (and Seder Nashim) and 22nd Shvat
Yahrzeit of Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka;
8a Ketubot and Adar/Purim
Ketubot starts by speaking about a young virgin that is to get married, like the beginning of Megilat Esther.
8b Nedarim and Adar
Mitzvah of Half-Shekel/obligations to the Temple needed collecting by the end of Adar
|14Any vow or any binding oath of self affliction, her husband can either uphold it or revoke it.
|ידכָּל־נֵ֛דֶר וְכָל־שְׁבֻעַ֥ת אִסָּ֖ר לְעַנֹּ֣ת נָ֑פֶשׁ אִישָׁ֥הּ יְקִימֶ֖נּוּ וְאִישָׁ֥הּ יְפֵרֶֽנּוּ:
|15However, if her husband remained silent from day to day, he has upheld all the vows and prohibitions she has assumed; he has upheld them since he remained silent on the day he heard it.
|טווְאִם־הַֽחֲרֵשׁ֩ יַֽחֲרִ֨ישׁ לָ֥הּ אִישָׁהּ֘ מִיּ֣וֹם אֶל־יוֹם֒ וְהֵקִים֙ אֶת־כָּל־נְדָרֶ֔יהָ א֥וֹ אֶת־כָּל־אֱסָרֶ֖יהָ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָלֶ֑יהָ הֵקִ֣ים אֹתָ֔ם כִּי־הֶֽחֱרִ֥שׁ לָ֖הּ בְּי֥וֹם שָׁמְעֽוֹ:
|14For if you remain silent at this time, relief and rescue will arise for the Jews from elsewhere, and you and your father's household will perish; and who knows whether at a time like this you will attain the kingdom?"
|ידכִּ֣י אִם־הַֽחֲרֵ֣שׁ תַּֽחֲרִ֘ישִׁי֘ בָּעֵ֣ת הַזֹּאת֒ רֶ֣וַח וְהַצָּלָ֞ה יַֽעֲמ֤וֹד לַיְּהוּדִים֙ מִמָּק֣וֹם אַחֵ֔ר וְאַ֥תְּ וּבֵֽית־אָבִ֖יךְ תֹּאבֵ֑דוּ וּמִ֣י יוֹדֵ֔עַ אִם־לְעֵ֣ת כָּזֹ֔את הִגַּ֖עַתְּ לַמַּלְכֽוּת:
We don't cut our hair during the Counting of the Omer; we also take on extra stringencies related to chametz (the Nazir is told to avoid "Chometz Yayin"; we also go to the mikvah and, in order to eat the Korban Pessach, we would have to avoid contact with the dead.
It is customary to study the tractate of Sotah during the Counting of the Omer, as it has 49 dapim (folios) and the sacrifice brought by the Sotah was of barley, like the omer.
10a Gittin and Pessach/Omer
Free oneself from Egypt/Ba'al
10b Kedushin and Iyar/Omer
Preparing for the Wedding with Hashem
11a Nezikin (Baba Kama, Baba Metzia, Baba Basra) and Lag Ba'Omer
Main laws of Bein Adam L'Chaveroh
11b Sanhedrin (Sanhedrin and Makkos) and Omer/Rosh Chodesh Sivan
End of Makkos talks about Rabbi Akiva and how he comforts his companions (lessons related to the counting of the Omer)
12a Shvuot and Shavuot
12b Avodah Zarah and Sivan
13a Horayos and Tammuz
Sin of the Spies, a mistake made by the leaders of the generation, which led to a sin by the entire community.
13b Zevachim and Tammuz
14a Menachos and the Three Weeks
14b Chullin and Tisha B'Av
15a Bechoros and Av
Arachin: Mesirat Nefesh - dedicating one's whole being in accordance to the Torah (Av). Making and accounting of one's worth (Elul).
16a Kerisus and the first days of Elul
Why give a number? To explain to you that each one has to be atoned for separately, even if it was all one big "forgetting." In Elul, there is a tendency to think, "You know, let me just do a "general" Teshuvah, that should be good enough." The Talmud comes to teach us, "No, each separate action requires its own atonement, even if it was all one great forgetting."
Two kinds of Teshuvah
17a Niddah and Rosh Hashanah
7-day and 11-day cycles