Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Thirteenth Set of 22 Days: Mem Sofit, Fig and Pomegranate (the Priestly Family of Shecaniah)

The 25th of Sivan began the thirteenth set of 22 days of the Jewish calendar, which parallels the end-letter Mem (Mem Sofit), as well as the Fig and the Pomegranate in Perek Shirah. This 22-day period runs from the end of Sivan to the day before the 17th of Tammuz.

As mentioned previously, the Mem is one of the "mother-letters" in Kabbalah and stands for Em (mother) and Mayim (water). While the regular "open" Mem is connected to the revealed aspects of Creation and of the Torah, the Mem Sofit is "sealed," representing that which is hidden and concealed. It is also a reference the final redeemer Mashiach, while the regular Mem is a reference to the first redeemer, Moshe.

The numerical value of the letter Mem is 40. This period appears to be particularly connected to the number 40. It includes the second half of the 40 days in which Moshe was at Har Sinai and the first part of the 40 days in which the spies were in the Land of Israel. The thirteenth cycle includes Week 40 (Mem) and all but the last day of Week 41 (Mem Alef), which spells Em. It also marks a time on the Jewish calendar where Hashem is not longer as revealed (such as on Shavuot).  Instead, Hashem is concealed, and we must battle through these days with great Emunah and strong belief in the coming of the final redeemer.

A similar theme can be found regarding the elements in Perek Shirah.

The Fig is saying: "The one who guards the fig shall eat of her fruits." (Proverbs 27:18)

The Pomegranate is saying, "Your cheeks are like a piece of a pomegranate behind your veil." (Song of Songs 4:3)

The fig is a fruit whose taste lasts a long time in one's mouth. This symbolizes how we must keep the memory of the revelations of Shavuot etched in our hearts. Rebbe Nachman of Breslov writes that the month of Tammuz is connected to the first letters of the verse "Zichru Torat Moshe" (remember the Torah of Moshe). Rabbi Slifkin writes: "... fig trees ripen over a long period. The first ones ripen in late spring, at the time of the Shavuos festival, and the others ripen over the course of the entire summer." The very verse that the Fig sings is about guarding the Torah that one learns.

The pomegranate's song focuses on another point touched upon above: concealment. By looking at the outside of a pomegranate, one would never guess the shear number of seeds it contains - around 613 on average according to tradition, but nobody's counting. :) This is the meaning behind its verse as well.

The sinners of Israel are as full of mitzvot like a pomegranate, as is written, "Your cheeks are like a piece of pomegranate"; do not read "your cheeks" (rakotech) but "your empty ones" (rekanin shebach). (Talmud (Chagigah 27a); Slifkin, p. 180)

This is a time of the year when a lot can be accomplished, not only in the area of study, but also regarding practical mitzvot.

The Temple guard for these 22 days is connected to the priestly family of Shecaniah. The root of this name comes from the word "to dwell," Lishkon, related to the name of the Divine Presence, the Shechinah. It is also related to the word Shachen, neighbor. The name itself appears to  mean, "the neighbor of G-d."

Making a dwelling place for Hashem means revealing His glory even where it seems to be the most hidden and concealed. That is our ultimate purpose, and what we must accomplish in order that the final redemption may come.

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