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Sunday, April 27, 2014

Week 36 (Book 6): Reviewing the Second Week of Sivan - Psalms 106-108; 105:9-11; 89:37

PSALMS (Introductions and Translations from Chabad.org):




Chapter 106


The psalmist continues the theme of the previous psalm, praising G-d for performing other miracles not mentioned previously, for "who can recount the mighty acts of G-d?" Were we to try, we could not mention them all!


1. Praise the Lord! Praise the Lord for He is good, for His kindness is everlasting. 2. Who can recount the mighty acts of the Lord, or proclaim all His praises? 3. Fortunate are those who preserve justice, who perform deeds of righteousness all the time. 4. Remember me, Lord, when You find favor with Your people; be mindful of me with Your deliverance; 5. to behold the prosperity of Your chosen, to rejoice in the joy of Your nation, to glory with Your inheritance. 6. We have sinned as did our fathers, we have acted perversely and wickedly. 7. Our fathers in Egypt did not contemplate Your wonders, they did not remember Your abundant kindnesses, and they rebelled by the sea, at the Sea of Reeds. 8. Yet He delivered them for the sake of His Name, to make His strength known. 9. He roared at the Sea of Reeds and it dried up; He led them through the depths, as through a desert. 10. He saved them from the hand of the enemy, and redeemed them from the hand of the foe. 11. The waters engulfed their adversaries; not one of them remained. 12. Then they believed in His words, they sang His praise. 13. They quickly forgot His deeds, they did not wait for His counsel; 14. and they lusted a craving in the desert, they tested G-d in the wilderness. 15. And He gave them their request, but sent emaciation into their souls. 16. They angered Moses in the camp, and Aaron, the Lord's holy one. 17. The earth opened and swallowed Dathan, and engulfed the company of Abiram; 18. and a fire burned in their assembly, a flame set the wicked ablaze. 19. They made a calf in Horeb, and bowed down to a molten image. 20. They exchanged their Glory for the likeness of a grass-eating ox. 21. They forgot G-d, their savior, Who had performed great deeds in Egypt, 22. wonders in the land of Ham, awesome things at the Sea of Reeds. 23. He said that He would destroy them-had not Moses His chosen one stood in the breach before Him, to turn away His wrath from destroying. 24. They despised the desirable land, they did not believe His word. 25. And they murmured in their tents, they did not heed the voice of the Lord. 26. So He raised His hand [in oath] against them, to cast them down in the wilderness, 27. to throw down their progeny among the nations, and to scatter them among the lands. 28. They joined themselves to [the idol] Baal Peor, and ate of the sacrifices to the dead; 29. they provoked Him with their doings, and a plague broke out in their midst. 30. Then Phineas arose and executed judgment, and the plague was stayed; 31. it was accounted for him as a righteous deed, through all generations, forever. 32. They angered Him at the waters of Merivah, and Moses suffered on their account; 33. for they defied His spirit, and He pronounced [an oath] with His lips. 34. They did not destroy the nations as the Lord had instructed them; 35. rather, they mingled with the nations and learned their deeds. 36. They worshipped their idols, and they became a snare for them. 37. They sacrificed their sons and daughters to demons. 38. They spilled innocent blood, the blood of their sons and daughters whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan; and the land became guilty with blood. 39. They were defiled by their deeds, and went astray by their actions. 40. And the Lord's wrath blazed against His people, and He abhorred His inheritance; 41. so He delivered them into the hands of nations, and their enemies ruled them. 42. Their enemies oppressed them, and they were subdued under their hand. 43. Many times did He save them, yet they were rebellious in their counsel and were impoverished by their sins. 44. But He saw their distress, when He heard their prayer; 45. and He remembered for them His covenant and He relented, in keeping with His abounding kindness, 46. and He caused them to be treated mercifully by all their captors. 47. Deliver us, Lord our G-d; gather us from among the nations, that we may give thanks to Your Holy Name and glory in Your praise. 48. Blessed is the Lord, the G-d of Israel, forever and ever. And let all the people say, "Amen! Praise the Lord!"

Chapter 107

This psalm speaks of those who are saved from four specific perilous situations(imprisonment, sickness, desert travel, and sea travel) and must thank G-d, for their sins caused their troubles, and only by the kindness of G-d were they saved. It is therefore appropriate that they praise G-d and tell of their salvation to all.

1. Give thanks to the Lord for He is good, for His kindness is everlasting. 2. So shall say those redeemed by the Lord, those whom He redeemed from the hand of the oppressor. 3. He gathered them from the lands-from east and from west, from north and from the sea. 4. They lost their way in the wilderness, in the wasteland; they found no inhabited city. 5. Both hungry and thirsty, their soul languished within them. 6. They cried out to the Lord in their distress; He delivered them from their afflictions. 7. He guided them in the right path to reach an inhabited city. 8. Let them give thanks to the Lord, and [proclaim] His wonders to the children of man, 9. for He has satiated a thirsting soul, and filled a hungry soul with goodness. 10. Those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death, bound in misery and chains of iron, 11. for they defied the words of G-d and spurned the counsel of the Most High- 12. He humbled their heart through suffering; they stumbled and there was none to help. 13. They cried out to the Lord in their distress; He saved them from their afflictions. 14. He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and sundered their bonds. 15. Let them give thanks to the Lord for His kindness, and [proclaim] His wonders to the children of man, 16. for He broke the brass gates and smashed the iron bars. 17. Foolish sinners are afflicted because of their sinful ways and their wrongdoings. 18. Their soul loathes all food, and they reach the gates of death. 19. They cried out to the Lord in their distress; He saved them from their afflictions. 20. He sent forth His command and healed them; He delivered them from their graves. 21. Let them give thanks to the Lord for His kindness, and [proclaim] His wonders to the children of man. 22. Let them offer sacrifices of thanksgiving, and joyfully recount His deeds. 23. Those who go down to the sea in ships, who perform tasks in mighty waters; 24. they saw the works of the Lord and His wonders in the deep. 25. He spoke and caused the stormy wind to rise, and it lifted up the waves. 26. They rise to the sky, plunge to the depths; their soul melts in distress. 27. They reel and stagger like a drunkard, all their skill is to no avail. 28. They cried out to the Lord in their distress, and He brought them out from their calamity. 29. He transformed the storm into stillness, and the waves were quieted. 30. They rejoiced when they were silenced, and He led them to their destination. 31. Let them give thanks to the Lord for His kindness, and [proclaim] His wonders to the children of man. 32. Let them exalt Him in the congregation of the people, and praise Him in the assembly of the elders. 33. He turns rivers into desert, springs of water into parched land, 34. a fruitful land into a salt-marsh, because of the wickedness of those who inhabit it. 35. He turns a desert into a lake, and parched land into springs of water. 36. He settles the hungry there, and they establish a city of habitation. 37. They sow fields and plant vineyards which yield fruit and wheat. 38. He blesses them and they multiply greatly, and He does not decrease their cattle. 39. [If they sin,] they are diminished and cast down through oppression, misery, and sorrow. 40. He pours contempt upon distinguished men, and causes them to stray in a pathless wilderness. 41. He raises the needy from distress, and makes their families [as numerous] as flocks. 42. The upright observe this and rejoice, and all the wicked close their mouth. 43. Let him who is wise bear these in mind, and then the benevolent acts of the Lord will be understood.

Chapter 108

1. A song, a psalm by David. 2. My heart is steadfast, O G-d; I will sing and chant praises even with my soul. 3. Awake, O lyre and harp; I shall awaken the dawn. 4. I will thank You among the nations, Lord; I will sing praises to You among the peoples. 5. Indeed, Your kindness reaches above the heavens; Your truth reaches to the skies. 6. Be exalted upon the heavens, O G-d, [show] Your glory upon all the earth. 7. That Your beloved ones may be delivered, help with Your right hand and answer me. 8. G-d spoke in His holiness that I would exult, I would divide portions [of the enemies' land], I would measure the Valley of Succot. 9. Mine is Gilead, mine is Manasseh, and Ephraim is the stronghold of my head, Judah is my prince. 10. Moab is my washbasin, I will cast my shoe upon Edom, I will shout over Philistia. 11. Who brings me to the fortified city? Who led me unto Edom? 12. Is it not G-d, Who has [until now] forsaken us, and did not go forth, O G-d, with our armies? 13. Give us help against the adversary; futile is the help of man. 14. Through G-d we will do valiantly, and He will trample our oppressors.



TIKKUN HAKLALI


Chapter 105


9. the covenant which He made with Abraham, and His oath to Isaac.

10. He established it for Jacob as a statute, for Israel as an everlasting covenant,
11. stating, "To you I shall give the land of Canaan"-the portion of your inheritance,

PSALM 89


37. His seed will endure forever and his throne will be [resplendent] as the sun before Me.

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Week 37 (Book 6): Reviewing the Third Week of Sivan - Psalms 109-111; 105:12-14; 89:38



PSALMS (Introductions and Translations from Chabad.org):



Chapter 109
David composed this psalm while fleeing from Saul. At that time he faced many enemies who, despite acting friendly in his presence, spoke only evil of him; he therefore curses them bitterly.
1. For the Conductor, by David, a psalm. O G-d of my praise, be not silent. 2. For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful have opened against me; they spoke to me with a false tongue. 3. They have surrounded me with words of hate, and attacked me without cause. 4. In return for my love they hate me; still, I am [a man of] prayer. 5. They placed harm upon me in return for my favor, and hatred in return for my love. 6. Appoint a wicked man over him; let an adversary stand at his right. 7. When he is judged may he go out condemned; may his prayer be considered a sin. 8. May his days be few; may another take his position. 9. May his children be orphans and his wife a widow. 10. May his children wander about and beg; may they seek charity from amid their ruins. 11. May the creditor seize all that he has, and may strangers plunder [the fruits of] his labor. 12. May he have none who extends him kindness, and may none be gracious to his orphans. 13. May his posterity be cut off; may their name be erased in a later generation. 14. May the iniquity of his fathers be remembered by the Lord, and the sin of his mother not be erased. 15. May they be before the Lord always, and may He cut off their memory from the earth. 16. Because he did not remember to do kindness, and he pursued the poor and destitute man and the broken-hearted, to kill [him]. 17. He loved the curse and it has come upon him; he did not desire blessing, and it has remained far from him. 18. He donned the curse like his garment, and it came like water into his innards, like oil into his bones. 19. May it be to him like a cloak in which he wraps himself, as a belt with which he girds himself always. 20. This is from the Lord for the deeds of my enemies, and [for] those who speak evil against my soul. 21. And You, G-d, my Lord, do [kindness] with me for the sake of Your Name; for Your kindness is good, rescue me! 22. For I am poor and destitute, and my heart has died within me. 23. Like the fleeting shadow I am banished, I am tossed about like the locust. 24. My knees totter from fasting, and my flesh is lean without fat. 25. And I became a disgrace to them; they see me and shake their heads. 26. Help me, Lord, my G-d, deliver me according to Your kindness. 27. Let them know that this is Your hand, that You, Lord, have done it. 28. Let them curse, but You will bless; they arose, but they will be shamed, and Your servant will rejoice. 29. May my adversaries be clothed in humiliation; may they wrap themselves in their shame as in a cloak. 30. I will thank the Lord profusely with my mouth, and amid the multitude I will praise Him, 31. when He stands at the right of the destitute one to deliver him from the condemners of his soul.
Chapter 110
This psalm records the response of Eliezer, servant of Abraham (to those who asked how Abraham managed to defeat the four kings). He tells of Abraham killing the mighty kings and their armies. Read, and you will discover that the entire psalm refers to Abraham, who merited prominence for recognizing G-d in his youth.
1. By David, a psalm. The Lord said to my master, "Sit at My right, until I make your enemies a stool for your feet.” 2. The staff of your strength the Lord will send from Zion, to rule amid your enemies. 3. Your people [will come] willingly on the day of your campaign; because of your splendid sanctity from when you emerged from the womb, you still possess the dew of your youth. 4. The Lord has sworn and will not regret: "You shall be a priest forever, just as Melchizedek!” 5. My Lord is at your right; He has crushed kings on the day of His fury. 6. He will render judgment upon the nations, and they will be filled with corpses; He will crush heads over a vast land. 7. He will drink from the stream on the way, and so will hold his head high.
Chapter 111
This psalm is written in alphabetical sequence, each verse containing two letters, save the last two verses which contain three letters each. The psalm is short yet prominent, speaking of the works of G-d and their greatness.

1. Praise the Lord! I will give thanks to the Lord with all my heart, in the counsel of the upright and the congregation. 2. Great are the works of the Lord, [yet] available to all who desire them. 3. Majesty and splendor are His work, and His righteousness endures forever. 4. He established a memorial for His wonders, for the Lord is gracious and compassionate. 5. He gave food to those who fear Him; He remembered His covenant always. 6. He has declared the power of His deeds to His people, to give them the inheritance of nations. 7. The works of His hands are true and just; all His mandates are faithful. 8. They are steadfast for ever and ever, for they are made with truth and uprightness. 9. He sent redemption to His people, [by] commanding His covenant forever; holy and awesome is His Name. 10. The beginning of wisdom is fear of the Lord; sound wisdom for all who practice it-his praise endures forever. 



TIKKUN HAKLALI


Chapter 105

12. When they were few in number, hardly dwelling in it.
13. And they walked from nation to nation, from one kingdom to another people.
14. He let no man oppress them, and He reproved kings on their account.

PSALM 89


38. Like the moon, which is established forever, and it is a witness in the sky, eternally true." 

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Week 38 (Book 6): Reviewing the Last Week of Sivan - Psalms 112-114; 105:15-17; 89:39



PSALMS (Introductions and Translations from Chabad.org):


Chapter 112

This psalm, too, follows alphabetical sequence, each verse containing two letters, save the last two which contain three letters each. It speaks of the good traits man should choose, and of how to give charity-the reward for which is never having to rely on others.

1. Praise the Lord! Fortunate is the man who fears the Lord, and desires His commandments intensely. 2. His descendants will be mighty on the earth; he will be blessed with an upright generation. 3. Wealth and riches are in his house, and his righteousness endures forever. 4. Even in darkness light shines for the upright, for [He is] Compassionate, Merciful, and Just. 5. Good is the man who is compassionate and lends, [but] provides for his own needs with discretion. 6. For he will never falter; the righteous man will be an eternal remembrance. 7. He will not be afraid of a bad tiding; his heart is steadfast, secure in the Lord. 8. His heart is steadfast, he does not fear, until he sees his oppressors [destroyed]. 9. He has distributed [his wealth], giving to the needy. His righteousness will endure forever; his might will be uplifted in honor. 10. The wicked man will see and be angry; he will gnash his teeth and melt away; the wish of the wicked will be ruined.


Chapter 113

This psalm recounts some of the wonders of the exodus from Egypt.

1. Praise the Lord! Offer praise, you servants of the Lord; praise the Name of the Lord. 2. May the Name of the Lord be blessed from now and to all eternity. 3. From the rising of the sun to its setting, the Name of the Lord is praised. 4. The Lord is high above all nations; His glory transcends the heavens. 5. Who is like the Lord our G-d, Who dwells on high 6. [yet] looks down so low upon heaven and earth! 7. He raises the poor from the dust, lifts the destitute from the dunghill, 8. to seat them with nobles, with the nobles of His people. 9. He transforms the barren woman into a household, into a joyful mother of children. Praise the Lord!

Chapter 114

This psalm explains why the tribe of Judah merited kingship.



1. When Israel went out of Egypt, the House of Jacob from a people of a foreign tongue, 2. Judah became His holy [nation], Israel, His domain. 3. The sea saw and fled, the Jordan turned backward. 4. The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like young sheep. 5. What is the matter with you, O sea, that you flee; Jordan, that you turn backward; 6. mountains, that you skip like rams; hills, like young sheep? 7. [We do so] before the Master, the Creator of the earth, before the G-d of Jacob, 8. Who turns the rock into a pool of water, the flintstone into a water fountain. 


TIKKUN HAKLALI


Chapter 105


15. "Do not touch My anointed ones, and do not harm My prophets."
16. He called a famine upon the land; He broke every staff of bread.
17. He sent a man before them; Joseph was sold as a slave.

PSALM 89

39. But You abandoned and You rejected; You became wroth with Your anointed.   

Sunday, April 6, 2014

Week 39 (Book 6): Reviewing the Week of Rosh Chodesh Tammuz - Psalms 115-117; 105:18-20; 89:40



PSALMS (Introductions and Translations from Chabad.org):




Chapter 115        

A prayer that G-d bring this long exile to an end, for the sake of His Name-that it not be desecrated.

1. Not for our sake, Lord, not for our sake, but for the sake of Your Name bestow glory, because of Your kindness and Your truth. 2. Why should the nations say, "Where, now, is their G-d?” 3. Indeed, our G-d is in heaven; whatever He desires, He does. 4. Their idols are of silver and gold, the product of human hands. 5. They have a mouth, but cannot speak; they have eyes, but cannot see; 6. they have ears, but cannot hear; they have a nose, but cannot smell; 7. their hands cannot touch; their feet cannot walk; they can make no sound in their throat. 8. Those who make them will become like them-all who put their trust in them. 9. Israel, trust in the Lord; He is their help and their shield. 10. House of Aaron, trust in the Lord; He is their help and their shield. 11. You who fear the Lord, trust in the Lord; He is their help and their shield. 12. The Lord who is ever mindful of us, may He bless: May He bless the House of Israel; may He bless the House of Aaron; 13. may He bless those who fear the Lord, the small with the great. 14. May the Lord increase [blessing] upon you, upon you and upon your children. 15. You are blessed by the Lord, the Maker of heaven and earth. 16. The heavens are the Lord's heavens, but the earth He gave to the children of man. 17. The dead cannot praise the Lord, nor any who descend into the silence [of the grave]. 18. But we will bless the Lord from now to eternity. Praise the Lord!

Chapter 116
This psalm contains magnificent praises to G-d. It also describes David's love for G-d, in light of all the miracles He performed for him. David does not know how to repay G-d, declaring it impossible to pay back for all G-d has done for him.
1. I would love if the Lord would listen to my voice, to my supplications; 2. if He would turn His ear to me on the days when I call. 3. The pangs of death encompassed me and the misery of the grave came upon me; I encounter trouble and sorrow. 4. I invoke the Name of the Lord, "Lord, I implore you, deliver my soul!” 5. The Lord is gracious and righteous; our G-d is compassionate. 6. The Lord watches over the simpletons; I was brought low, and He saved me. 7. Return, my soul, to your tranquility, for the Lord has bestowed goodness upon you. 8. For You have delivered my soul from death, my eyes from tears, my feet from stumbling. 9. I shall walk before the Lord in the lands of the living. 10. I had faith even when I declared, "I am greatly afflicted"; 11. [even when] I said in my haste, "All men are deceitful.” 12. How can I repay the Lord for all His beneficences to me? 13. I will raise the cup of deliverance and proclaim the Name of the Lord. 14. I will pay my vows to the Lord in the presence of all His people. 15. Grievous in the eyes of the Lord is the death of His pious ones. 16. I thank you, Lord, that since I am Your servant, I am Your servant the son of Your maidservant, You have loosened my bonds. 17. To You I will bring an offering of thanksgiving, and proclaim the Name of the Lord. 18. I will pay my vows to the Lord in the presence of all His people, 19. in the courtyards of the House of the Lord, in the midst of Jerusalem. Praise the Lord!

Chapter 117

This psalm of two verses alludes to the Messianic era, when the Children of Israel will enjoy their former glory. All will praise G-d, in fulfillment of the verse, "All will then call in the Name of G-d."

1. Praise the Lord, all you nations; extol Him, all you peoples. 2. For His kindness was mighty over us, and the truth of the Lord is everlasting. Praise the Lord!



TIKKUN HAKLALI



Chapter 105


18. They afflicted his foot with fetters; his soul was placed in irons.
19. Until His word came, the saying of the Lord purified him.
20. A king sent and released him, a ruler of peoples [sent] and loosed his bonds.

PSALM 89

40. You abrogated the covenant of Your servant; You profaned his crown to the ground.
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