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Sunday, April 20, 2014

Week 37 (Book 6): Reviewing the Third Week of Sivan - Psalms 109-111; 105:12-14; 89:38

PSALMS (Introductions and Translations from

Chapter 109
David composed this psalm while fleeing from Saul. At that time he faced many enemies who, despite acting friendly in his presence, spoke only evil of him; he therefore curses them bitterly.
1. For the Conductor, by David, a psalm. O G-d of my praise, be not silent. 2. For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful have opened against me; they spoke to me with a false tongue. 3. They have surrounded me with words of hate, and attacked me without cause. 4. In return for my love they hate me; still, I am [a man of] prayer. 5. They placed harm upon me in return for my favor, and hatred in return for my love. 6. Appoint a wicked man over him; let an adversary stand at his right. 7. When he is judged may he go out condemned; may his prayer be considered a sin. 8. May his days be few; may another take his position. 9. May his children be orphans and his wife a widow. 10. May his children wander about and beg; may they seek charity from amid their ruins. 11. May the creditor seize all that he has, and may strangers plunder [the fruits of] his labor. 12. May he have none who extends him kindness, and may none be gracious to his orphans. 13. May his posterity be cut off; may their name be erased in a later generation. 14. May the iniquity of his fathers be remembered by the Lord, and the sin of his mother not be erased. 15. May they be before the Lord always, and may He cut off their memory from the earth. 16. Because he did not remember to do kindness, and he pursued the poor and destitute man and the broken-hearted, to kill [him]. 17. He loved the curse and it has come upon him; he did not desire blessing, and it has remained far from him. 18. He donned the curse like his garment, and it came like water into his innards, like oil into his bones. 19. May it be to him like a cloak in which he wraps himself, as a belt with which he girds himself always. 20. This is from the Lord for the deeds of my enemies, and [for] those who speak evil against my soul. 21. And You, G-d, my Lord, do [kindness] with me for the sake of Your Name; for Your kindness is good, rescue me! 22. For I am poor and destitute, and my heart has died within me. 23. Like the fleeting shadow I am banished, I am tossed about like the locust. 24. My knees totter from fasting, and my flesh is lean without fat. 25. And I became a disgrace to them; they see me and shake their heads. 26. Help me, Lord, my G-d, deliver me according to Your kindness. 27. Let them know that this is Your hand, that You, Lord, have done it. 28. Let them curse, but You will bless; they arose, but they will be shamed, and Your servant will rejoice. 29. May my adversaries be clothed in humiliation; may they wrap themselves in their shame as in a cloak. 30. I will thank the Lord profusely with my mouth, and amid the multitude I will praise Him, 31. when He stands at the right of the destitute one to deliver him from the condemners of his soul.
Chapter 110
This psalm records the response of Eliezer, servant of Abraham (to those who asked how Abraham managed to defeat the four kings). He tells of Abraham killing the mighty kings and their armies. Read, and you will discover that the entire psalm refers to Abraham, who merited prominence for recognizing G-d in his youth.
1. By David, a psalm. The Lord said to my master, "Sit at My right, until I make your enemies a stool for your feet.” 2. The staff of your strength the Lord will send from Zion, to rule amid your enemies. 3. Your people [will come] willingly on the day of your campaign; because of your splendid sanctity from when you emerged from the womb, you still possess the dew of your youth. 4. The Lord has sworn and will not regret: "You shall be a priest forever, just as Melchizedek!” 5. My Lord is at your right; He has crushed kings on the day of His fury. 6. He will render judgment upon the nations, and they will be filled with corpses; He will crush heads over a vast land. 7. He will drink from the stream on the way, and so will hold his head high.
Chapter 111
This psalm is written in alphabetical sequence, each verse containing two letters, save the last two verses which contain three letters each. The psalm is short yet prominent, speaking of the works of G-d and their greatness.

1. Praise the Lord! I will give thanks to the Lord with all my heart, in the counsel of the upright and the congregation. 2. Great are the works of the Lord, [yet] available to all who desire them. 3. Majesty and splendor are His work, and His righteousness endures forever. 4. He established a memorial for His wonders, for the Lord is gracious and compassionate. 5. He gave food to those who fear Him; He remembered His covenant always. 6. He has declared the power of His deeds to His people, to give them the inheritance of nations. 7. The works of His hands are true and just; all His mandates are faithful. 8. They are steadfast for ever and ever, for they are made with truth and uprightness. 9. He sent redemption to His people, [by] commanding His covenant forever; holy and awesome is His Name. 10. The beginning of wisdom is fear of the Lord; sound wisdom for all who practice it-his praise endures forever. 


Chapter 105

12. When they were few in number, hardly dwelling in it.
13. And they walked from nation to nation, from one kingdom to another people.
14. He let no man oppress them, and He reproved kings on their account.


38. Like the moon, which is established forever, and it is a witness in the sky, eternally true." 

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