Weekly Cycle

Saturday, December 31, 2016

Book 4 in a Nutshell


Hanna’s Song
Shmuel I, Chapters 1 and 2 (up to verse 26)
Pirkei Avot, Chapter 6
(31 + 5+7+1+8)
Mishle/Kohelet/Psalm 72/ Shir HaShirim (31+12+1+8)

Yahrtzeits and Birthdays
(31 fixed weeks + 21 non-fixed)
1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of the hill-country of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.
Whoever studies Torah for Torah's sake alone, merits many things
Mishlei: Chapter 1
2 Tishrei - R' Yisroel ben R' Asher of Stolin (1868) known as the "Yenuka"
Stolin (Karlin), Kapitchnitz (Apta)
2 And he had two wives: the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah; and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
not only that, but [the creation of] the entire world is worthwhile for him alone.
Mishlei: Chapter 2
9 Tishrei - R' Elazar Nisan ben R' Moshe of Drobitich (1854)
Karlin,  Lubavitch
3 And this man went up out of his city from year to year to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there priests unto the LORD.
He is called friend
Mishlei: Chapter 3
14 Tishrei; Rav Yisrael Hopstein, the Maggid of Kozhnitz
Karlin, Breslev
4 And it came to pass upon a day, when Elkanah sacrificed, that he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions;
Mishlei: Chapter 4
Rabbi David Moshe Friedman, the first Chortkover Rebbe, the 5th son of Rabbi Yisrael of Ruzhin (1828-1903)
Chortkov (Ryzhin), Ribnitz (Shtefanesht-Ryzhin)
5 but unto Hannah he gave a double portion; for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had shut up her womb.
lover of G-d
Mishlei: Chapter 5
29th of Tishrei Rav Menachem Mendel of Vizhnitz
Rizhyn, Vizhnitz
6 And her rival vexed her sore, to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.
 lover of humanity
Mishlei: Chapter 6
7 Cheshvan - R' Yehuda Meir ben R' Yaakov Shimshon Shapiro (1933)
Chortkov (Ryzhin), Vizhnitz
7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she vexed her; therefore she wept, and would not eat.
rejoicer of G-d
Mishlei: Chapter 7
14 of Cheshvan - Rabbi Avraham Elimelech Perlow of Stolin-Karlin ben Rabbi Yisrael (1891-1942).
Vizhnitz, Stolin-Karlin
8 And Elkanah her husband said unto her: 'Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons?'
rejoicer of humanity
Mishlei: Chapter 8
20 Cheshvan - Rav Yechezkel, the third Rebbe of Radomsk, known as the Kenesses Yechezkel of Radomsk (1864-1910)
Radomsk, Belz
9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk--now Eli the priest sat upon his seat by the door-post of the temple of the LORD;
The Torah enclothes him with humility
Mishlei: Chapter 9
27 Cheshvan - Reb Yaakov Leiser - the second Pshevorsker Rebbe
Riminov, Pshevorsk
10 and she was in bitterness of soul--and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.
and awe
Mishlei: Chapter 10
Rabbi Yaakov David Kalish (1803-1878), founder of the Amshinov dynasty
Amshinov, Lubavitch
11 And she vowed a vow, and said: 'O LORD of hosts, if Thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of Thy handmaid, and remember me, and not forget Thy handmaid, but wilt give unto Thy handmaid a man-child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.'
makes him fit to be righteous
Mishlei: Chapter 11
13 Kislev – Rabbi Israel Taub, the Divrei Israel, founder of the Modzitz Chassidic dynasty
Modzitz (2), Amshinov
12 And it came to pass, as she prayed long before the LORD, that Eli watched her mouth.
Mishlei: Chapter 12
19 Kislev - Yahrzeit of Rebbe Dov Ber, the Magid of Mezritch
Rachmastrivka (Chernobyl), Stolin
13 Now Hannah, she spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice could not be heard; therefore, Eli thought she had been drunken.
Mishlei: Chapter 13
Rabbi Chaim of Tchernovitz (1760-1817) Be'er Mayim Chayim
Tolna (Chernobyl), Peschischa
14 And Eli said unto her: 'How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.'
and faithful
Mishlei: Chapter 14
4 Teves - R' Gershon Chanoch Henoch Leiner of Radzin (1890) ben R' Yaakov of Izhbitza
Peschischa (2), Ishbitza (2),
15 And Hannah answered and said: 'No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I poured out my soul before the LORD.
distances him from sin
Mishlei: Chapter 15
10th of Teveth, Yahrzeit of Rabbi Nathan of Breslov
16 Count not thy handmaid for a wicked woman: for out of the abundance of my complaint and my vexation have I spoken hitherto.'
and brings him close to merit
Mishlei: Chapter 16
18 Tevet - Rav Tzvi Elimelech Shapira of Dinov (1783-1841)
Melitz (Ropshitz), Abuchatzira

17 Then Eli answered and said: 'Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant thy petition that thou hast asked of Him.'
From him, people enjoy counsel
Mishlei: Chapter 17
24 Tevet - Yahrzeit of Rabbi Shneur Zalman, the Alter Rebbe of Chabad
Lubavitch, Lelov,
18 And she said: 'Let thy servant find favour in thy sight.' So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.
and wisdom
Mishlei: Chapter 18
2 Shevat - Yarhzeit of Rebbe Meshulam Zusil (Zusha)
Alexander, Abuchatzira
19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah; and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.
Mishlei: Chapter 19
Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, the 6th Lubavitcher Rebbe
Lubavitch, Lelov
20 And it came to pass, when the time was come about, that Hannah conceived, and bore a son; and she called his name Samuel: 'because I have asked him of the LORD.'
and power, as is stated (Proverbs 8:14): "Mine are counsel and wisdom, I am understanding, mine is power."
Mishlei: Chapter 20
Shevat 14- Rav Yechiel Danziger, first Alexander Rebbe
Alexander, Modzitz
21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
The Torah grants him sovereignty
Mishlei: Chapter 21
22nd of Shvat - Rav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk (1787-1859)
Kotzk, Belz
22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband: 'Until the child be weaned, when I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever.'
Mishlei: Chapter 22
Adar 2 – 4th Gerrer Rebbe, the Beis Yisroel
Ger, Premishlan,
23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her: 'Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish His word.' So the woman tarried and gave her son suck, until she weaned him.
and jurisprudence.
Mishlei: Chapter 23
7 Adar - Rav Yitzchak Eizik Taub of Kalev
Kalev (2), Chechanov
24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of meal, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh; and the child was young.
The Torah's secrets are revealed to him
Mishlei: Chapter 24
11 Adar - R' Avrohom Bornstein of Sochatcov
Ger, Sochatchov
25 And when the bullock was slain, the child was brought to Eli.
and he becomes as an ever-increasing wellspring
Mishlei: Chapter 25
21 Adar - Yarhzeit of Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk
Ger, Alexander
26 And she said: 'Oh, my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.
and as an unceasing river
Mishlei: Chapter 26
29 Adar - Shlomo Hakohen Rabinowicz, the Tiferes Shlomo (1801–1866) (Founding Rebbe of Radomsk)
Vizhnitz, Radomsk,
27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath granted me my petition which I asked of Him;
He becomes modest
Mishlei: Chapter 27
2 Nissan - Yarhzeit of Rebbe Rashab
Lubavitch, Apta,

28 therefore I also have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he is lent to the LORD.' And he worshipped the LORD there. {S}
Mishlei: Chapter 28
13 Nissan - Yahrzeit of the Tzemach Tzedek
Lubavitch, Vizhnitz,
1 And Hannah prayed, and said: my heart exulteth in the LORD, my horn is exalted in the LORD; my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in Thy salvation.
and forgiving of insults
Mishlei: Chapter 29
19 Nissan - Rav Aharon Hagadol of Karlin (1736-1772)
Karlin, Vorka
2 There is none holy as the LORD, for there is none beside Thee; neither is there any rock like our God.
 The Torah uplifts him
Mishlei: Chapter 30
25 Nissan - Rav Chaim Halberstam of Sanz, founder of the Sanzer Chasidim.
Karlin, Kobrin (Slonim)
3 Multiply not exceeding proud talk; let not arrogancy come out of your mouth; for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by Him actions are weighed.
and makes him greater than all creations
Mishlei: Chapter 31
1 Iyar - Yarhzeit of Rebbe Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk (5548)
Slonim, Stolin (Karlin)
4 The bows of the mighty men are broken, and they that stumbled are girded with strength.
7. Great is Torah, for it gives life to its observers in this world, and in the World To Come.
As is stated (Proverbs 4:22): "For they are life to he who finds them, and a healing to all his flesh."
Kohelet: Chapter 1
11 Iyar - Rav Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz, author of Ayalah Sheluchah and Zera Kodesh, (1760-1827).
Lublin-Trisk, Tolna (Chernobyl (2))
5 They that were full have hired out themselves for bread; and they that were hungry have ceased; while the barren hath borne seven, she that had many children hath languished.
And it says (ibid. 3:8): "It shall be health to your navel, and marrow to your bones."

Kohelet: Chapter 2
19 Iyar - Rav Menachem Mendel of Rimanov (1755-1815).
Abuchatzira (2), Chernobyl (2)

6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive; He bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.
And it says (3:18): "She is a tree of life for those who hold fast to her, and happy are those who support her."
Kohelet: Chapter 3
26 Iyar – R' Chaim ben R' Menachem Mendel Hager of Kosov (1854)
Kosov (2), Modzitz,
7 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich; He bringeth low, He also lifteth up.
And it says (1:9): "For they shall be a garland of grace for your head, and necklaces about your neck."
Kohelet: Chapter 4
29 Iyar - Rav Meir of Premishlan (1773)
Vizhnitz, Munkatch
8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, He lifteth up the needy from the dung-hill, to make them sit with princes, and inherit the throne of glory; for the pillars of the earth are the LORD'S, and He hath set the world upon them.
And it says(4:9): "She shall give to your head a garland of grace, a crown of glory she shall grant you."
Kohelet: Chapter 5
6th of Sivan, Rabbi Yisrael Baal Shem Tov
Baal Shem Tov, Ger
9 He will keep the feet of His holy ones, but the wicked shall be put to silence in darkness; for not by strength shall man prevail.
And it says (9:11): "With me, your days shall be increased, and years of life shall be added to you."  
Kohelet: Chapter 6
17 Sivan, Rav Aharon of Karlin, the Beis Aharon (1802-1872)
Sanz, Skver
10 They that strive with the LORD shall be broken to pieces; against them will He thunder in heaven; the LORD will judge the ends of the earth; and He will give strength unto His king, and exalt the horn of His anointed. {P}
And it says (3:16): "Long days in her right hand; in her left, wealth
and honor."
Kohelet: Chapter 7
20 Sivan - Rebbe Yisrael Dan Taub
Modzitz, Munkatz
11 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister unto the LORD before Eli the priest.
And it says (3:2): "For long days, years of life, and years of life

and peace, they shall add to you."
Kohelet: Chapter 8
3 Tamuz - Yahrzeit of the Rebbe
Lubavitch, Bobov
12 Now the sons of Eli were base men; they knew not the LORD.
one acquisition is the Torah
Kohelet: Chapter 9
Rav Yekusiel Yehuda Halberstam, the Klausenberger Rebbe (1905-1994), great-grandson of the Divrei Chaim of Sanz.
Ger, Klausenberg (Sanz)
13 And the custom of the priests with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a flesh-hook of three teeth in his hand;
one acquisition are the heavens and the earth,

Kohelet: Chapter 10
11 Tammuz - Rav Tzvi Hirsch Eichenstein of Zhidatchov (Zidichoiv) (1785-1831)
Lubavtich, Kopischnitz (Apta)
14 and he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the flesh-hook brought up the priest took therewith. So they did unto all the Israelites that came thither in Shiloh.
one acquisition is Abraham 
Kohelet: Chapter 11
22 Tamuz - Yahrzeit of Rebbe Shlomo of Karlin
Shtefanesht (Ryzhin), Karlin
15 Yea, before the fat was made to smoke, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed: 'Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw.'
one acquisition is the people of Israel
Kohelet: Chapter 12
Tammuz 28 is the yahrzeit of Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum (1759-1841) of Uhely, Hungary, author of Yismach Moshe and patriarch of the Hungarian Chassidic dynasties
Sanz, Bobov
16 And if the man said unto him: 'Let the fat be made to smoke first of all, and then take as much as thy soul desireth'; then he would say: 'Nay, but thou shalt give it me now; and if not, I will take it by force.'
and one acquisition is the Holy Temple. 
Tehilim 127
9th of Av - Rav Yaakov Yitzchak HaLevi Horowitz, the Chozeh of Lublin (1754-1815)
Skver, Bobov
17 And the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD; for the men dealt contemptuously with the offering of the LORD.
Shir HaShirim: Chapter 1
15 Av - Rabbi Yaakov Leiner, second  Izhbitzer Rebbe
Vishnitz, Bobov
18 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod.
Shir HaShirim: Chapter 2
21 Av - R' Ahron ben R' Yisachor Dov Rokeach, the Belzer Rebbe (1957)
Belz, Radomsk
19 Moreover his mother made him a little robe, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.
Shir HaShirim: Chapter 3
26 Av - Rav Yoel Teitelbaum of Sighet, the Satmar Rav (1888-1979).
Satmar, Ger (2),
20 And Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, and say: 'The LORD give thee seed of this woman for the loan which was lent to the LORD.' And they would go unto their own home.
Shir HaShirim: Chapter 4
3rd of Elul, Rav Avraham Yitzchak Kook, Chief Rabbi of Israel
Sighet (Satmar), Chayim
21 So the LORD remembered Hannah, and she conceived, and bore three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the LORD. {S}

Shir HaShirim: Chapter 5
12 Elul - Rebbe Simcha Bunim of Pshischa
Bohush/Sadiger (4) Chayim,
22 Now Eli was very old; and he heard all that his sons did unto all Israel, and how that they lay with the women that did service at the door of the tent of meeting.
Shir HaShirim: Chapter 6
15 Elul - R' Yaakov Koppel Chassid (1787)
Kosov-Vizhnitz, Somech (Chayim),
23 And he said unto them: 'Why do ye such things? for I hear evil reports concerning you from all this people.
old age
Shir HaShirim: Chapter 7
Elul 27 is the yahrtzeit of Rabbi Shalom Rokeach (1779-1855), founder of the Belz Chassidic dynasty.
Belz, Strelisk (Kosov-Vizhnitz),

24 Nay, my sons; for it is no good report which I hear the LORD'S people do spread abroad.
25 If one man sin against another, God shall judge him; but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall entreat for him?' But they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would slay them.
26 And the child Samuel grew on, and increased in favour both with the LORD, and also with men. {P}
and children are becoming to the righteous and becoming to the world.
Shir HaShirim: Chapter 8
6 Tishrei, - Rav Aryeh Leib of Shpolya, "The Shpoler Zayde,"

Stolin-Karlin, Kapichnitz

 וישלח פנחס יד

Book 4a

In the first part of the Book of Numbers, Bamidbar, things are still going smoothly in the desert. The Tribes are counted, and a special focus on the “prince” of each tribe, the Nassi. The Princes bring offerings, Aharon lights the Menorah, the Second Passover takes place, and the formation is set in which the Jews will journey in the desert. Overall, it’s a general sense of feeling beloved and the eminent entrance into the Land of Israel.

Book 4a is also about realizing that we are spiritual in essence, connecting to the Tzadik (the righteous one) within each one of us, as well as the Tzadik Yesod Olam, the leader of the generation, who is also known as the Nassi. It is also about being on the level of being able to be confronted with ideologies and ideas that run counter to Judaism, and being able to reject the bad but yet elevate the kernel of truth found within them. As mentioned above, that is also what Bamidbar is about.

Much of these themes are reflected in the life of King Solomon, the consummate Tzadik, who lays everything before us in his writings, our spiritual encampment so to speak. As the King of Israel, along with King David, he is also the ultimate Nassi.

The sets of 52 explored in this book are as follows:

Hanna’s story and song is about the making of a Tzadik and NassiShmuel. It is also about Elkanah and Eli, who were the leaders of the generation at the time.

Chapter 6 of Pirkei Avot lays out the characteristics connected to those who study Torah for its own sake, a stage of perfection associated with the Tzadik.

The book also explores the lives of more recent Tzadikim. Each Tzadik is particularly connected with the date of his/her passing, in which the soul of the Tzadik reached ultimate completion.

Finally, we delve into each of the writings of King Solomon, starting with the Book of Proverbs, followed by Ecclesiastes, Psalm 72 and the Song of Songs. There are 52 chapters in total. An attempt will also be made to describe the Thirteen Tales of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov, which contain similar themes.

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