Thursday, April 17, 2014

Week 28 (Book 5): Reviewing the Third Week of Nissan - Psalms 82-84; 90:1-4; 89:29

PSALMS (Introductions and Translations from Chabad.org):



Chapter 82

This psalm admonishes those judges who feign ignorance of the law, dealing unjustly with the pauper or the orphan, while coddling the rich and pocketing their bribes.

1. A psalm by Asaph. G-d stands in the council of judges; among the judges He renders judgment: 2. How long will you judge wickedly, ever showing partiality toward the evildoers? 3. Render justice to the needy and the orphan; deal righteously with the poor and the destitute. 4. Rescue the needy and the pauper; deliver them from the hand of the wicked. 5. But they do not know, nor do they understand; they go about in darkness, [therefore] all the foundations of the earth tremble. 6. I said that you are angels, supernal beings, all of you; 7. but you will die as mortals, you will fall like any prince. 8. Arise, O G-d, judge the earth, for You possess all the nations.


Chapter 83

A prayer regarding the wars against Israel in the days of Jehoshaphat, when the nations plotted against Israel.

1. A song, a psalm by Asaph. 2. O G-d, do not be silent; do not be quiet and do not be still, O G-d. 3. For behold, Your enemies are in uproar, and those who hate You have raised their head. 4. They plot deviously against Your nation, and conspire against those sheltered by You. 5. They say, "Come, let us sever them from nationhood, and the name of Israel will be remembered no more.” 6. For they conspire with a unanimous heart, they made a covenant against You- 7. the tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites, Moab and the Hagrites, 8. Geval and Ammon, and Amalek; Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre. 9. Assyria, too, joined with them, and became the strength of the sons of Lot, Selah. 10. Do to them as to Midian; as to Sisera and Yavin at the brook of Kishon, 11. who were destroyed at Ein Dor, and were as dung for the earth. 12. Make their nobles like Orev and Ze'ev, all their princes like Zevach and Tzalmuna,1 13. who said, "Let us inherit the dwellings of G-d for ourselves.” 14. My G-d, make them like whirling chaff, like straw before the wind. 15. As a fire consumes the forest, and a flame sets the mountains ablaze, 16. so pursue them with Your tempest and terrify them with Your storm. 17. Fill their faces with shame, and they will seek Your Name, O Lord. 18. Let them be shamed and terrified forever; let them be disgraced and perish. 19. And they will know that You, Whose Name is the Lord, are alone, Most High over all the earth.


Chapter 84

In this psalm of prayers and entreaties, the psalmist mourns bitterly over the destruction of Temple from the depths of his heart, and speaks of the many blessings that will be realized upon its restoration. Fortunate is the one who trusts it will be rebuilt, and does not despair in the face of this long exile.


1. For the Conductor, on the gittit,1 a psalm by the sons of Korach. 2. How beloved are Your dwellings, O Lord of Hosts! 3. My soul yearns, indeed it pines, for the courtyards of the Lord; my heart and my flesh [long to] sing to the living G-d. 4. Even the bird has found a home, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she lays her young on the [ruins of] Your altars, O Lord of Hosts, my King and my G-d. 5. Fortunate are those who dwell in Your House; they will yet praise You forever. 6. Fortunate is the man whose strength is in You; the paths [to the Temple] are in his heart. 7. For those who pass through the Valley of Thorns, He places wellsprings; their guide will be cloaked in blessings.2 8. They go from strength to strength; they will appear before G-d in Zion. 9. O Lord, G-d of Hosts, hear my prayer; listen, O G-d of Jacob, forever. 10. See our shield,3 O G-d, and look upon the face of Your anointed one. 11. For better one day in Your courtyards than a thousand [elsewhere]. I would rather stand at the threshold of the house of my G-d, than dwell [in comfort] in the tents of wickedness. 12. For the Lord, G-d, is a sun and a shield; the Lord bestows favor and glory; He does not withhold goodness from those who walk in innocence. 13. O Lord of Hosts! Fortunate is the man who trusts in You.


TIKKUN HAKLALI

Chapter 90

1. A prayer of Moses, the man of G-d. O Lord, You have been our dwelling place throughout all generations.

2. Before the mountains were born, and You brought forth the earth and the inhabited world, and from everlasting to everlasting, You are G-d.
3. You bring man to the crushing point, and You say, "Return, O sons of men."
4. For a thousand years are in Your eyes like yesterday, which passed, and a watch in the night.


PSALM 89

29. I will forever keep My kindness for him, and My covenant will remain true to him.  
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