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Sunday, March 30, 2014

Sefirah and Aleph-Bet Combination for Sunday the 28th, and Monday the 29th of Adar II, 5774

Tonight is the sixth day of Week 26 and the thirty-fourth day of the cycle of Netzach (Victory/Endurance), Yesod shebeHod shebeNetzach, Foundation within Glory/Acknowledgement within Victory/Endurance.

Tonight is also the fifth day of the ninth 22-day cycle of the year, related to the letters Peh and Tzadik.  The following verse from Chapter 1 of the Book of Lamentations is connected to the fifth letter, the Heh:

5. Her adversaries have become the head, her enemies are at ease; for the Lord has afflicted her because of the multitude of her sins; her young children went into captivity before the enemy.

ה. הָיוּ צָרֶיהָ לְרֹאשׁ אֹיְבֶיהָ שָׁלוּ כִּי יְהֹוָה הוֹגָהּ עַל רֹב פְּשָׁעֶיהָ עוֹלָלֶיהָ הָלְכוּ שְׁבִי לִפְנֵי צָר:

Perhaps we can interpret this verse in a positive light (See Book 2):


5. They were her adversaries. To the head of her enemies, they eased; for the Lord afflicted her (the enemy) because of the multitude of her sins; her (the enemy's) young children went into captivity - before, an enemy.

Sunday was the fifth day of Week 26 and the thirty-third day of the cycle of Netzach (Victory/Endurance), Hod shebeHod shebeNetzachGlory/Acknowledgement within Glory/Acknowledgement within Victory/Endurance.

Sunday was also the fourth day of the ninth 22-day cycle of the year, related to the letters Peh and Tzadik.  The following verse from Chapter 1 of the Book of Lamentations is connected to the fourth letter, the Dalet:

4. The roads of Zion are mournful because no one comes to the appointed season; all her gates are desolate, her priests moan; her maidens grieve while she herself suffers bitterly.

ד. דַּרְכֵי צִיּוֹן אֲבֵלוֹת מִבְּלִי בָּאֵי מוֹעֵד כָּל שְׁעָרֶיהָ שׁוֹמֵמִין כֹּהֲנֶיהָ נֶאֱנָחִים בְּתוּלֹתֶיהָ נוּגוֹת וְהִיא מַר לָהּ:

Perhaps we can interpret this verse in a positive light (See Book 2):


4. The roads of Zion are without (MiBli) mourners; comers during the appointed season [and] all her gates are empty [of products bought and sold for tributes and sacrifices]; her priests moan [out of so much sacred work to do]; her maidens are bright [like Venus] ("Nogot"). She [Jerusalem] is a lord ("Mar") for Hashem.

Week 26 (Book 5): Reviewing the Week of Rosh Chodesh Nissan - Psalms 76-78; 77:16-18; 89:27

PSALMS (Introductions and Translations from Chabad.org):




Chapter 76

This psalm contains the prophecy of when the vast army of Sennacherib was seized with a deep slumber that rendered the hands of the soldiers powerless to raise their weapons; thus did they all fall in battle.

1. For the Conductor, with instrumental music, a psalm by Asaph, a song. 2. G-d is known in Judah, His Name is great in Israel. 3. His Tabernacle was in Shalem,1 and His dwelling place in Zion. 4. There He broke the flying arrows of the bow, the shield, the sword and battle-forever. 5. You are illumination, mightier than the mountains of prey. 6. The stout-hearted were without sense, they slept their sleep, and all the warriors were unable to find their strength. 7. At Your rebuke, O G-d of Jacob, chariot and horse were stunned. 8. You, awesome are You! Who can stand before You once You are enraged. 9. From heaven You let the verdict be heard; the earth feared and was still, 10. when G-d rose to pass judgment, to save all the humble of the earth forever. 11. The anger of man will cause us to thank You;2 You will restrain the residue of wrath. 12. Make vows to the Lord your G-d and fulfill them; all who surround Him will bring tribute to the Awesome One. 13. He cuts down the spirit of nobles; He is awesome to the kings of the earth.


Chapter 77

1. For the Conductor, on the yedutun,1 by Asaph, a psalm. 2. [I raise] my voice to G-d and cry out; [I raise] my voice to G-d and He will listen to me. 3. On the day of my distress I sought my Lord. My wound oozes at night and does not abate; my soul refuses to be consoled. 4. I remember G-d and I moan; I speak and my spirit faints, Selah. 5. You grasped my eyelids; I am broken, I cannot speak. 6. I think of olden days, of ancient years. 7. During the night I recall my music, I meditate with my heart, and my spirit searches: 8. Is it for eternity that my Lord forsakes [me], nevermore to be appeased? 9. Has His kindness ceased forever? Has He sealed the decree for all generations? 10. Has G-d forgotten mercy? Has He in anger restrained His compassion forever? 11. I said, "It is to ter- rify me that the right hand of the Most High changes.” 12. I remember the deeds of Yah, when I remember Your wonders of long ago. 13. I meditate on all Your works, and speak of Your deeds. 14. O G-d, Your way is in sanctity; what G-d is as great as G-d? 15. You are the G-d Who works wonders; You make Your might known among the nations. 16. You redeemed Your people with a mighty arm, the children of Jacob and Joseph, Selah. 17. The waters2 saw You, O G-d, the waters saw You and trembled; even the deep shuddered. 18. The clouds streamed water, the heavens sounded forth, even Your arrows flew about. 19. The sound of Your thunder was in the rolling wind; lightning lit up the world; the earth trembled and quaked. 20. Your way was through the sea, Your path through the mighty waters; and Your footsteps were not known.3 21. You led Your people like a flock, by the hand of Moses and Aaron


Chapter 78

This psalm recounts all the miracles that G-d wrought for Israel, from the exodus of Egypt to David's becoming king over Israel.


1. A maskil1 by Asaph. Listen, my people, to my teaching; incline your ear to the words of my mouth. 2. I will open my mouth with a parable, I will utter riddles of long ago; 3. that which we have heard and know [to be true], and that our fathers have told us. 4. We will not withhold from their children, telling the final generation the praises of the Lord, and His might, and the wonders He has performed. 5. He established a testimony in Jacob, and set down the Torah in Israel, which He commanded our fathers to make known to their children, 6. so that the last generation shall know; children yet to be born will rise and tell their children, 7. and they shall put their hope in G-d, and not forget the works of the Almighty; and they shall guard His commandments. 8. And they shall not be like their fathers, a wayward and rebellious generation, a generation that did not set its heart straight, and whose spirit was not faithful to G-d. 9. The children of Ephraim, armed archers, retreated on the day of battle.2 10. They did not keep the covenant of G-d, and refused to follow His Torah. 11. They forgot His deeds and His wonders that He had shown them. 12. He performed wonders before their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.3 13. He split the sea and brought them across; He erected the waters like a wall. 14. He led them with a cloud by day, and all night long with the light of fire. 15. He split rocks in the wilderness, and gave them to drink as if from the abundant depths. 16. And He brought forth flowing waters from the rock, and caused waters to descend like rivers. 17. Yet they again continued to sin against Him, to provoke the Most High in the parched land. 18. And they tested G-d in their hearts, by requesting food for their craving. 19. They spoke against G-d; they said, "Can G-d set a table in the wilderness? 20. True, He hit the rock and waters flowed, streams gushed forth; but can He also give bread? Will He prepare meat for His people?” 21. And so the Lord heard and was enraged; a fire was kindled against Jacob; wrath, too, flared against Israel. 22. For they did not believe in G-d and did not trust in His salvation, 23. [though] He had commanded the skies above, and opened the doors of heaven. 24. He had rained upon them manna to eat, and given them grain of heaven. 25. Man ate the bread of angels; He sent them [enough] provisions to satiate. 26. He drove the east wind through the heaven, and led the south wind with His might. 27. He rained meat upon them like dust, winged birds like the sand of seas; 28. and He dropped them inside His camp, around His dwellings. 29. And they ate and were very satiated, for He brought them their desire. 30. They were not yet estranged from their craving, their food was still in their mouths, 31. when the wrath of G-d rose against them and slew their mighty ones, and brought down the chosen of Israel. 32. Despite this, they sinned again, and did not believe in His wonders; 33. so He ended their days in futility, and their years in terror. 34. When He slew them they would seek Him, they would return and pray to G-d. 35. They remembered that G-d is their rock, G-d the Most High, their redeemer. 36. But they beguiled Him with their mouth, and deceived Him with their tongue. 37. Their heart was not steadfast with Him; they were not faithful to His covenant. 38. Yet He is compassionate, pardons iniquity, and does not destroy; time and again He turns away His anger, and does not arouse all His wrath. 39. He remembered that they were but flesh, a spirit that leaves and does not return. 40. How often they provoked Him in the desert, and grieved Him in the wasteland! 41. Again and again they tested G-d, and sought a sign from the Holy One of Israel. 42. They did not remember His hand, the day He redeemed them from the oppressor; 43. that He set His signs in Egypt, and His wonders in the field of Zoan. 44. He turned their rivers to blood, and made their flowing waters undrinkable. 45. He sent against them a mixture of beasts which devoured them, and frogs that destroyed them. 46. He gave their produce to the grasshopper, and their toil to the locust. 47. He killed their vines with hail, and their sycamores with biting frost. 48. He delivered their animals to the hail, and their livestock to fiery bolts. 49. He sent against them His fierce anger, fury, rage, and affliction; a delegation of messengers of evil. 50. He leveled a path for His anger, and did not spare their soul from death; He delivered their animals to pestilence. 51. He struck every firstborn in Egypt, the first fruit of their strength in the tents of Ham.4 52. He drove His nation like sheep, and guided them like a flock in the desert. 53. He led them in security and they did not fear, for the sea covered their enemies. 54. And He brought them to the boundary of His holy place, this mountain which His right hand acquired. 55. He drove out nations before them, and allotted them an inheritance [measured] by the cord; He settled the tribes of Israel in their tents. 56. Yet they tested and defied G-d, the Most High, and did not keep His testimonies. 57. They regressed and rebelled like their fathers; they turned around like a deceptive bow. 58. They angered Him with their high altars, and provoked Him with their idols. 59. G-d heard and was enraged, and He was utterly disgusted with Israel; 60. And He abandoned the Tabernacle of Shilo, the Tent where He had dwelled among men. 61. He put His might into captivity, and His glory into the hand of the oppressor. 62. He delivered His nation to the sword, and was enraged with His inheritance. 63. Fire consumed His young men, and His maidens had no marriage song. 64. His priests fell by the sword, and their widows did not weep.5 65. And the Lord awoke like one who had been asleep, like a warrior shouting [to sober himself] from wine. 66. He beat His enemies into retreat, and dealt them eternal disgrace. 67. He was disgusted with the tent of Joseph, and did not choose the tribe of Ephraim. 68. He chose the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion which He loves. 69. And He built His Sanctuary [permanent as] the heavens; like the earth, He established it forever. 70. And He chose David His servant, and took him from the sheep corrals. 71. From following the nursing ewes, He brought Him to shepherd His nation Jacob, Israel His inheritance. 72. And he tended them with the integrity of his heart, and led them with the skill of his hands.

TIKKUN HAKLALI

Chapter 77

16. You redeemed Your people with Your arm, the sons of Jacob and Joseph forever. 17. The waters perceived You, O G-d, the waters perceived You, they trembled, even the deeps quaked. 18. They poured forth thick waters; the skies let out a voice, even your arrows went abroad.

PSALM 89

27. He will call to Me, 'You are my Father, my G-d, and the Rock of my salvation.'   

Saturday, March 29, 2014

Week 26 (Book 4b): The Importance of Speech


SONG OF SONGS:
15. His legs are [as] pillars of marble, founded upon sockets of fine gold, his appearance is like the Lebanon, chosen as the cedars. 
16. His palate is sweet, and he is altogether desirable; this is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem."               
1. "Where has your beloved gone, O fairest of women? Where has your beloved turned, that we may seek him with you?" 

70 SOULS THAT DESCENDED TO EGYPT: Puvvah

TALMUD SHEVUOTH - Daf 26: The Importance of Verbalizing an Oath

BOOK OF JEREMIAH: Chapter 26

Week 26 in the Jewish calendar is the week of Rosh Chodesh Nissan. Nissan is the month of Passover. The verses of Shir HaShirim are very much connected to the mouth and to and speech, which are the primary symbols of Passover itself. Rabbi Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev states that Pesach stands for Peh - Sach, “a mouth converses,” as it is a special mitzvah to recount and ponder over the miracles of our liberation during the Passover Seder as much as possible. The Megaleh Amukos states that Pharaoh stands for Peh Rah (evil mouth).[1] Here is Rashi’s commentary on the verses:

15. his appearance is like the Lebanon: One who reflects and ponders over His words finds in them blossoms and sprouts, like a forest which blooms. So are the words of Torah-whoever meditates over them constantly finds new explanations in them.   
16. His palate is sweet: His words are pleasant...
Of the seventy souls of the Jewish people that descended to Egypt, the twenty-sixth mentioned is Puvvah. Puah also appears to come from the Hebrew word for mouth (Peh), related to Pessach. This seems related to the name  Puah (spelled with an Ayin instead of an Aleph), mentioned in connection to Miriam in the very beginning of the Exodus story. “The name Puah, comes from a Hebrew root that implies a particular gift of speech. Rashi comments that Puah was able to soothe a crying baby to sleep with her special way of talking.”[2] Puvvah is also the name of the father of Tola, a Judge from the Tribe of Issachar.

Daf Caf Alef (Folio 21) of Shvuot continues to discuss oaths, particularly addressing whether an oath needs to be “spoken.” Again, the idea of “Peh - Sach.”

Chapter 26 of the Book of Jeremiah contains a similar theme to the above. It gives emphasis to the physical saying of the prophecy, not so much regarding the mouth, but the ear:

11. And the priests and the prophets said to the princes and to all the people, saying, "This man is liable to death, for he prophesied concerning this city, as you have heard with your ears. "          

12. And Jeremiah said to all the princes and to all the people saying, "The Lord sent me to prophesy concerning this house and concerning this city all the words that you have heard. (…)     

15. But you should know that if you put me to death, that you are bringing innocent blood upon yourselves and upon this city and upon its inhabitants, for indeed God sent me concerning you, to speak into your ears all these words."






[1] http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/137089/jewish/Pei-Communication.htm
[2] http://www.torah.org/learning/women/class45.html

Friday, March 28, 2014

Week 26 (Book 4a): The Big Picture


STORY OF CHANNAH: 26. And she said, "Please, my lord! As surely as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who was standing here with you, to pray to the Lord.

QUALITY OF PIRKEI AVOT: and as an unceasing river        

PROVERBS: Chapter 26     

TZADIKKIM: Shlomo Hakohen Rabinowicz (the Tiferes Shlomo, Founding Rebbe of Radomsk, 29 Adar)

Week 26 is the week of Rosh Chodesh Nissan. Nissan is the “head” of all the months, and is related to the Tribe of Judah, which stands for kingship. In the verse of the story of Channah for this week, she makes a request to Eli the Kohen Gadol. It is unclear from the text what the request is. Rashi clarifies this by interpreting as follows: “Please, my lord - Take care of him that he become your disciple. And according to the Midrash of our sages, not to punish him with death.” As noted regarding the previous verse in Channah’s story, for Week 25, Shmuel had shown great insight, yet in so doing was guilty of making a ruling in front of his master, which is punishable by death. This mistake was particularly grievous given Eli’s status as the Judge, and head of the entire Jewish people. Channah asks Eli to help Shmuel to connect to him and, alternatively, forgive the boy for his mistake.

This week’s Pirkei Avot quality is that he becomes “an unceasing river.” Shmuel’s insight into a certain area of Jewish law is related to the aspect of scholarship connected to “an ever-increasing wellspring” (an ability to discover “new” rulings by concentrating on selected areas of the text). However, Shmuel still needed to obtain a second aspect, that of an unceasing river, someone with comprehensive knowledge of the entire Torah.[1] Channah was therefore asking Eli to take Shmuel as a disciple to teach him this aspect as well.  

Chapter 26 of the Book of Proverbs is primarily about the actions of fools. It also mentions those that are lazy, quarrelsome, deceptive, and wicked. A general theme of the chapter, related to the above, is that it describes actions that could potentially be deemed righteous, in and of themselves. However, given the context (eg. giving honor to fools or being fearful of potential danger, just as an excuse not to get out of bed), they are quite ridiculous. One must have a comprehensive outlook in order to be able to act properly.

This week contains the yahrzeits of Rav Yitzchak Abuchatzera (the “Baba Chaki,” 25th of Adar) and Rabbi Shlomo Hakohen Rabinowicz (the “Tiferes Shlomo,” founding Rebbe of Radomsk, 29th of Adar).

The Baba Chaki was the brother of the Baba Sali. Like his brother, he was known for his great holiness and saintly conduct. Also like his brother, he moved from Morocco to Israel, and became the chief rabbi of Ramla-Lod.

Rabbi Shlomo Hakohen Rabinowicz was known as the Tiferes Shelomo due to his authorship of a Chassidic masterpiece under this name. He founded the Radomsk dynasty in 1843. When Rabbi Moshe Biderman of Lelov made aliyah in 1850, he instructed his followers to become Chassidim of the Tiferes Shelomo. The Radomsk court then grew significantly, with thousands upon thousands of followers. Along with his tremendous Torah scholarship and speaking ability, the Radomsker Rebbe was also known for his beautiful voice and his composition of new nigunim (melodies).

Other yahrzeits this week include Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Visiva son of Rabbi Yisroel Hager of Vizhnitz (25th of Adar) and Rabbi Elimelech of Grodzensk (author of Divrei Elimelech and Imrei Elimelech, father of the Piazeczna Rebbe, 1st of Nissan)




[1] http://www.frumtoronto.com/Blogger.asp?Articles=expand&ShowAll=Torah&BlogCategoryID=131&page=10

Sefirah and Aleph-Bet Combination for Shabat, the 27th of Adar II, 5774

Tonight is the fourth day of Week 26 and the thirty-second day of the cycle of Netzach (Victory/Endurance), Netzach shebeHod shebeNetzach, Victory/Endurance within Glory/Acknowledgement within Victory/Endurance.

Tonight is also the third day of the ninth 22-day cycle of the year, related to the letters Peh and Tzadik.  The following verse from Chapter 1 of the Book of Lamentations is connected to the third letter, the Gimmel:

3. Judah went into exile because of affliction and great servitude; she settled among the nations, [and] found no rest; all her pursuers overtook her between the boundaries.

ג. גָּלְתָה יְהוּדָה מֵעֹנִי וּמֵרֹב עֲבֹדָה הִיא יָשְׁבָה בַגּוֹיִם לֹא מָצְאָה מָנוֹחַ כָּל רֹדְפֶיהָ הִשִּׂיגוּהָ בֵּין הַמְּצָרִים:

Perhaps we can interpret this verse in a positive light (See Book 2):



3. Judah exiled itself from affliction and great servitude; she settled. Among the nations? No. She found rest; all pursuers of  "Heh" [Hashem] reached "Heh" [Hashem] between the boundaries.

Obs: the second part of the interpretation, is actually a well known "translation." The following is an excerpt from Rabbi Pinchas Winston, taken from Torah.org: 

The Maggid of Koznitz explains this idea with a wonderful parable based upon the posuk:

Judah went into exile because of affliction and great servitude; she settled among the nations, [and] found no rest; all her pursuers overtook her between the boundaries. (Eichah 1:3)

The Hebrew word for "pursuers" is "rodfeiyah", which can be read "rodfei" followed by the Yud and the Heh, which spell G-d's Name.

Thus, the word can be read "the pursuers of G-d", which is followed in the posuk by the word "overtook", or actually "will reach", as if to say, "the pursuers of G-d will reach Him." Says the Maggid of Koznitz:

For, The Blessed One goes out to assist us, as it says, "I will be what I will be" (Shemot 3:14), the gematria of which is twenty-one. This twenty-one alludes to the days of "Bein HaMetzarim," to say "I will be with them to help them." Therefore, it is easier during these days to come closer to G-d more than other days. It's like a minister who sits in his chamber protected by his guards, and as a result, he is difficult to see. Furthermore, you usually have to bring a large gift just to be able to get in and see his face! However, when he travels it is much easier to see him, and one does not have to even bring a large gift, only a small one, such as a couple of cakes. 

http://www.torah.org/learning/perceptions/5766/reeh.html?print=1

Thursday, March 27, 2014

In Service: Life and Death and the Torah Portion of Tazria

In honor of Anat bat Miriam on the birth of her baby boy. In memory of Miriam bat Messod, Sarah Channah Bat Mordechai, and Chanah Leah M., who passed away this week.

This week's Torah portion begins with a discussion of the ritual impurity a mother incurs when giving birth, and then turns to the spiritual impurity known as tzara'at. This impurity could affect a person's house, one's clothes, and even one's body. When the body was affected, it required a period of personal exile, until the person was deemed pure by the Kohen. The Kohen was also the one to determine whether the person was impure to begin with.

An obvious question arises as to the connection between the two topics mentioned: the birth of a baby and Tzara'at. While both topics relate to impurity, there appears to be a much deeper connection as well.

The Torah portion begins as follows:

1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2. Speak to the children of Israel, saying: If a woman conceives and gives birth to a male, she shall be unclean for seven days; as [in] the days of her menstrual flow, she shall be unclean.

א. וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל משֶׁה לֵּאמֹר: ב. דַּבֵּר אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר אִשָּׁה כִּי תַזְרִיעַ וְיָלְדָה זָכָר וְטָמְאָה שִׁבְעַת יָמִים כִּימֵי נִדַּת דְּו‍ֹתָהּ תִּטְמָא:

Rashi: If a woman conceives: Rabbi Simlai said: “Just as in the Creation, man was created after all domestic animals, wild beasts, and birds, so too, the law [concerning the cleanness] of man is stated after the law [concerning the cleanness] of domestic animals, wild beasts, and birds.”- [Vayikra Rabbah 14:1]

Rashi states that in Creation there were different levels of created beings, rising from level to level and culminating with the creation of man (woman, actually, since Eve was created even after Adam). The same applies to the laws of impurity: the different levels of creation are discussed separately in the Torah.

The whole idea of the Metzorah (someone who contracted Tzara'at) is about rising from level to level. As we will see in next week's portion, the ritual regarding the purification of the Metzorah is remarkably similar to that of the induction/inauguration of the Kohanim. Just like the priests were "upgraded" spiritually, so too, the Metzorah.

Perhaps that is one of the reasons why Mashiach is called a Metzorah. (Talmud, Sanhedrin 98B) He is constantly climbing from level to level. The Talmud states that one can idenfy him among the other Metzorayim because he wraps one wound at a time, healing himself, improving his predicament one step at a time...

The mother who just gave birth is impure for similar reasons. She is now going through a major transition. In the case of a first child, she goes from being responsible for herself only, to now being primarily responsible for a whole other life, another soul. With every new child, come new responsibilities, a new level of Divine service. This is true even before giving birth, but now it is only at birth this is internalized by the mother on a more conscious level; it is also when the Neshamah, the soul of the baby descends into the body.

Redemption itself and the coming of Mashiach is compared to the process of giving birth. The difficulties we now face are called the "birth-pangs" of Mashiach. The whole world is going through a transition, bringing upon us a temporary state of impurity.

Chassidic thought is famous for the idea of ascent in order to achieve a greater ascent (Yeridah LeTzorech Aliyah). One of the Chassidic masters that most emphasized this idea was Rebbe Nachman of Breslev. Not coincidentally, Rebbe Nachman was born on the week of the Torah portion of Tazria and his Brit-Milah was on the following Torah portion, Metzorah. Rebbe Nachman would say:

When the time comes for a person to rise from one level to the next, he must first experience a fall. The whole purpose of the fall is to prepare for the ascent. Try to understand this and you will realize how determined you must be in order to serve God. No matter how far you fall, never allow yourself to be discouraged. Remain firm and resolute and pay no attention to the fall at all, because in the end it will be transformed into a great ascent. This is its whole purpose.

This applies to all the different ways one can fall. Each person always thinks that his own situation is so bad that this does not apply to him. People imagine it applies only to those on very exalted levels who are continually advancing from level to level. But you should realize that it holds true even for those on the lowest of levels, because God is good to all.


Likutey Moharan I, 22 ("Daily Dose of Rebbe Nachman")


When you're in the middle of the roller-coaster ride of life, it's tough. But when you look back, and see how far you've come, it will be all worth it.

Interestingly, the Talmud also notes that the Metzorah is one of the four kinds of people that are considered "dead." Death itself is a transition. It is the ultimate ascent from level to level, which continues for the soul after life as well.



Even for the body, its descent is only for the purpose of a greater ascent: the resurrection of the dead. Perhaps that is the deeper meaning behind the verse we touched upon at the end of last week:


19With the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, until you return to the ground, for you were taken therefrom, for dust you are, and to dust you will return."יט. בְּזֵעַת אַפֶּיךָ תֹּאכַל לֶחֶם עַד שׁוּבְךָ אֶל הָאֲדָמָה כִּי מִמֶּנָּה לֻקָּחְתָּ כִּי עָפָר אַתָּה וְאֶל עָפָר תָּשׁוּב:
El, used in the above verse as a preposition, is also one of G-d's names. The last part of the verse could possibly be read as follows:  "until you return to El (G-d) of the earth, for you were taken from Her, for you are dust (body) and El (soul); you, the dust (body), will return." 

May we all continue to rise, in the ongoing spiral that is life, history, and the Jewish calendar. May we all rise again, in the end of days, and finally be able to reconnect with all those that have already ascended to the higher realms, and who are so sorely missed.


Sefirah and Aleph-Bet Combination for Friday, the 26th of Adar II, 5774

Tonight is the third day of Week 26 and the thirty-first day of the cycle of Netzach (Victory/Endurance), Tiferet shebeHod shebeNetzach, Balance/Beauty within Glory/Acknowledgement within Victory/Endurance.

Tonight is also the second day of the ninth 22-day cycle of the year, related to the letters Peh and Tzadik The following verse from Chapter 1 of the Book of Lamentations is connected to the second letter, the Beit:

2. She weeps, yea, she weeps in the night, and her tears are on her cheek; she has no comforter among all her lovers; all her friends have betrayed her; they have become her enemies.

ב. בָּכוֹ תִבְכֶּה בַּלַּיְלָה וְדִמְעָתָהּ עַל לֶחֱיָהּ אֵין לָהּ מְנַחֵם מִכָּל אֹהֲבֶיהָ כָּל רֵעֶיהָ בָּגְדוּ בָהּ הָיוּ לָהּ לְאֹיְבִים:

Perhaps we can interpret this verse in a positive light (See Book 2):

2. She weeps [tears of joy], yea, she weeps in the night, and her tears are on her cheek;  "Ein" (the level of complete nullification) is for her a comforter more than her lovers and friends. They [once] betrayed her; they were [once] her enemies.

Week 26 (Book 3): Connecting to the "Head"


TORAH PORTION OF BESHALACH: And He said, If you hearken to the voice of the Lord, your G-d, and you do what is proper in His eyes, and you listen closely to His commandments and observe all His statutes, all the sicknesses that I have visited upon Egypt I will not visit upon you, for I, the Lord, heal you. They came to Elim, and there were twelve water fountains and seventy palms, and they encamped there by the water.

HAFTORAH:
The kings came and fought;
then fought the kings of Canaan

TALMUD SOTAH: Daf 26: Sotah, unusual situations in a which a woman must drink.

GENERATIONS FROM ADAM TO THE LAST KING OF JUDAH: Ram

JOURNEYS IN THE DESERT: They journeyed from Mithkah and camped in Hashmonah.

Week 26 is the week of Rosh Chodesh Nissan, which is the “head of the month” that is the “head of all months.” This is the month of Nissan, which is the king of all the months, just as Judah (the tribe of this month) was the king, the leader of all the tribes. 

The twelve water fountains represent the the tribes and the seventy palms represents the seventy elders (Rashi) and perhaps also the seventy general souls that descended to Egypt and the seventy nations. A true leader, the "head of the people," must be connected to all of them. The Haftorah’s verses for this week specifically focus on kings. 

Nissan is also a month of miracles and a month redemption.  The verses of Beshalach also focus on this theme, which is in fact the theme of the entire second half of the year, and Parashat HaMan: faith in Hashem and the exodus from Egypt. The portion speaks about how if we do our part, Hashem will do this. It also speaks of Hashem as our Healer. 

Daf Kaf Vav (Folio 26) of Sotah discusses again a few cases of women that do not drink, but now focuses more on cases of women that must drink. Overall, the theme of the daf are cases that are not only unusual, but that often involves an unusually low spiritual level. It also discusses cases of people that are possible social outcasts, such as the Mamzer, etc. Converts are also mentioned.Yet, among all the above, there is a ray of hope:

Rather, the verse [“She will be vindicated, and bear seed"] teaches that if she used to give birth in pain - she will give birth easily; if she used to bear daughters - she will bear sons; if she used to bear short babies - she will bear tall ones; if she bore babies with a dark complexion - she will bear babies with a light complexion.
This is the story of Judah and Mashiach. From from a Lot’s daughter’s illicit with her father (Moab, a Mamzer), from Judah’s elicit relationship with Tamar (over which she faced the death penalty but then was vindicated), and later from the persistent efforts of a convert (Ruth, who was also vindicated for her actions), comes King David and Mashiach

Ram, son of Hezron, is the father of Aminadav (father of Nachshon and Elisheva, Aharon’s wife); Ram is also Calev’s brother, who is Miriam’s husband. Ram is therefore closely connected to Moshe and the exodus from Egypt. Ram’s name also suggest a connection to the exodus. Ram means mighty, exalted, and when the Jews left Egypt they left with a “Yad Ramah,” and exalted hand/arm. The theme of G-d’s arm/hand in the exodus repeats itself many times in Beshalach. (As an interesting side note, “Ram,” in English, happens to be the Perek Shirah animal for this week, and Nissan is connected to the Zodiac sign of Aries. See Book 1)

In the twenty-sixth week, the Jews journey from Mithkah and camp in Chashmonah. Mithkah somes from the word matok, which also literally means sweet. Chashmonah is connected with the Chashmonaim and the story of Chanukah. The week of Chashmonah is the inauguration of the Mishkan, just like Chanukah is the inauguration of the Second Temple. (Some note that the journey to Chashmonah is the 25th location journeyed to, just as Chanukah is on the 25th of Kislev, and Chanukah itself stands from Chanu-Kah, “they rested on the 25th.”


Rabbi Simon Jacobson explains that the word Chashmonah means ambassador, and may also be connected to leadership. The Chashmonaim themselves became kings. During the first days of Nissan, the Nasi, the leader and representative of each tribe, brought sacrifices for the inauguration of the Mishkan. The personal journey is to internalize the concept of sweetening any bitterness we may experience, and now focus on rededicating ourselves, leading, being connected to our leaders, and starting anew in this second half of the year. 

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

The Twelve Stages of Pinchas ben Yair and the Twelve Months of the Year

For those familiar with the book Mesilat Yesharim, the Path of the Just, the twelve stages mentioned there, set forth by Pinchas ben Yair, appear to parallel the twelve months of the year:

TorahTishrei  - month filled with holidays and Torah related activity;

ZehirutCheshvan - month of the flood;  care not to sin so close after Tishrei;

ZrizutKislev - Zrizut, alacrity, is the quality that defines the Kohanim, the heroes of Chanukah and this month as a whole);

NekiutTeveth - The Ramchal, Rabbi Moshe Luzzato, explains that Nekiut means cleanliness from all sin, including those that we rationalize; Teveth is known for sins related to the tribe of Dan; Shimshon, from Dan, is an example of rationalization gone awry.

PrishutShvat - Ramchal explains Prishut means abstinence from pleasure, even those permitted, if they could eventually lead to sin; Shvat is related to pleasure of fruits, etc.;

TaharahAdar - Ramchal explains Taharah means purity in our desires and emotions; in Purim we get drunk and let our emotions and desire come out - hopefully they will be pure;

ChassidutNissan - Ramchal explains Chassidut, piety, means going above and beyond to serve Hashem in every way possible to the best of our ability; the best example of this would be cleaning on Pessach, where every effort is praiseworthy;

AnavahIyar - Ramchal explains anavah means humility before G-d and others; the problem of Iyar, month of counting of the omer, is that the students of Rabbi Akivah did not respect one another - they each thought too highly of themselves in comparison to their fellow students - this showed a lack of humility; on Lag Ba'Omer we celebrate Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, who had this quality;

Yirat ChetSivan - Ramchal explains that Yirat Chet, fear of sin, in this context, means fear connected to the realization of Hashem's greatness and magnitude; as we realize this greatness we are literally ashamed of in any way going against G-d's desires; this was exemplified at the Giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai;

Kedushah – Tammuz - Ramchal explains that Kedushah means clinging to G-d at all times, and completely disconnecting from physicality; this is represented by Reuven, who was in a constant state of Teshuvah after the sin that took place regarding his father's bed;

Ruach haKodeshAv - Ruach haKodesh, is most associated with Mashiach, who is called Ruach Apeinu, the spirit of our nostrils, and who will be endowed with the spirit of G-d;

Tchiat haMetimElul - in Elul we repent for our sins and prepare ourselves to be given new life for the coming year. A sinful person is called "dead" even while alive, while a righteous person even after death is called "alive."

5774 Aleph Bet (22-Day Cycle) Calendar


Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
1

2

3

4 (CYCLE 1)
29th of Elul 5773Erev Rosh Hashana
(ALEPH/BET)
Aleph
5
1st of Tishrei Rosh Hashana
(ALEPH/BET)
Bet
6
2nd of Tishrei Rosh Hashana II
(ALEPH/BET)
Gimmel
7
3rd of Tishrei
(ALEPH/BET)
Dalet
8
4th of Tishrei Tzom Gedaliah
(ALEPH/BET)
Heh
9
5th of Tishrei
(ALEPH/BET)
Vav
10
6th of Tishrei
(ALEPH/BET)
Zayin
11
7th of Tishrei
(ALEPH/BET)
Chet
12
8th of Tishrei
(ALEPH/BET)
Tet
13
9th of Tishrei Erev Yom Kippur
(ALEPH/BET)
Yud
14
10th of Tishrei Yom Kippur
(ALEPH/BET)
Kaf
15
11th of Tishrei
(ALEPH/BET)
Lamed
16
12th of Tishrei
(ALEPH/BET)
Mem
17
13th of Tishrei
(ALEPH/BET)
Nun
18 
14th of Tishrei Erev Sukkot
(ALEPH/BET)
Samech
19
15th of Tishrei Sukkot I
(ALEPH/BET)
Ayin
20
16th of Tishrei Sukkot II
(ALEPH/BET)
Peh
21
17th of Tishrei Sukkot III
(ALEPH/BET)
Tzadik
22
18th of Tishrei Sukkot IV
(ALEPH/BET)
Kuf
23
19th of Tishrei Sukkot V
(ALEPH/BET)
Reish
24
20th of Tishrei Sukkot VI
(ALEPH/BET)
Shin
25 
21st of Tishrei Sukkot VII (Hoshana Raba)
(ALEPH/BET)
Tav
26 (CYCLE 2)
22nd of Tishrei Shmini Atzeret
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Aleph
27
23rd of Tishrei Simchat Torah
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Bet
28
24th of Tishrei
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Gimmel
29
25th of Tishrei
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Dalet
30
26th of Tishrei
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Heh








Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday


1
27th of Tishrei
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Vav
28th of Tishrei
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Zayin
3
29th of Tishrei
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Chet
4
30th of Tishrei Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Tet
5
1st of Cheshvan Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Yud
6
2nd of Cheshvan 
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Kaf
7
3rd of Cheshvan
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Lamed
8
4th of Cheshvan 
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Mem
5th of Cheshvan 
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Nun
10
6th of Cheshvan 
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Samech
11
7th of Cheshvan 
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Ayin
12
8th of Cheshvan 
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Peh
13
9th of Cheshvan
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Tzadik
14
10th of Cheshvan
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Kuf
15
11th of Cheshvan
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Reish
16 
12th of Cheshvan
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Shin
17
13th of Cheshvan
(GIMMEL/
DALET)
Tav
18
(CYCLE 3)
14th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Aleph
19
15th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Bet
20
16th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Gimmel
21
17th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Dalet
22
18th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Heh
23 
19th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Vav
24
20th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Zayin
25
21st of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Chet
26
22nd of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Tet
27
23rd of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Yud
28
24th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Kaf
29
25th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Lamed
30
26th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Mem
31
27th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Nun




Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday





1
28th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Samech
2
29th of Cheshvan
(HEH/VAV)
Ayin
3
30th of Cheshvan Rosh Chodesh Kislev
(HEH/VAV)
Peh
4
1st of Kislev Rosh Chodesh Kislev
(HEH/VAV)
Tzadik
5
2nd of Kislev
(HEH/VAV)
Kuf
3rd of Kislev
(HEH/VAV)
Reish
7
4th of Kislev
(HEH/VAV)
Shin
8
5th of Kislev
(HEH/VAV)
Tav
(CYCLE 4)
6th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Aleph
10
7th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Bet
11
8th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Gimmel
12
9th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Dalet
13 
10th of Kislev 
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Heh
14
11th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Vav
15
12th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Zayin
16
13th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Chet
17
14th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Tet
18
15th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Yud
19
16th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Kaf
20
17th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Lamed
21
18th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Mem
22
19th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Nun
23
20th of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Samech
24
21st of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Ayin
25
22nd of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Peh
26
23rd of Kislev
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Tzadik
27 
24th of Kislev Chanukah
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Kuf
28
25th of Kislev Chanukah
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Reish
29
26th of Kislev Chanukah
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Shin
30
27th of Kislev Chanukah
(ZAYIN/CHET)
Tav

Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
(CYCLE 5)
28th of Kislev Chanukah
(TET/YUD)
Aleph
2
29th of Kislev Chanukah
(TET/YUD)
Bet
3
(TET/YUD)
Gimmel
4
(TET/YUD)
Dalet
5
2nd of Tevet Chanukah: 8th Day
(TET/YUD)
Heh
6
3rd of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Vav
7
4th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Zayin
8
5th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Chet
9
6th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Tet
10
7th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Yud
11 
8th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Kaf
12
9th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Lamed
13
10th of Tevet Asara B'Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Mem
14
11th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Nun
15
12th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Samech
16
13th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Ayin
17
14th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Peh
18
15th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Tzadik
19
16th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Kuf
20
17th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Reish
21
18th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Shin
22
19th of Tevet
(TET/YUD)
Tav
23 (CYCLE 6)
20th of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Aleph
24
21st of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Bet
25
22nd of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Gimmel
26
23rd of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Dalet
27
24th of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Heh
28
25th of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Vav
29
26th of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Zayin
30
27th of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Chet
31
28th of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Tet








Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday



1
29th of Tevet
(KAF/LAMED)
Yud
2
1st of Sh'vat Rosh Chodesh Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Kaf
3
2nd of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Lamed
4
3rd of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Mem
5
4th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Nun
6
5th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Samech
7
6th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Ayin
7th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Peh
9
8th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Tzadik
10
9th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Kuf
11
10th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Reish
12
11th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Shin
13
12th of Sh'vat
(KAF/LAMED)
Tav
14 (CYCLE 7)
13th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Aleph
15 
14th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Bet
16
15th of Sh'vat Tu BiShvat
(MEM/NUN)
Gimmel
17
16th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Dalet
18
17th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Heh
19
18th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Vav
20
19th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Zayin
21
20th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Chet
22 
21st of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Tet
23
22nd of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Yud
24
23rd of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Kaf
25
24th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Lamed
26
25th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Mem
27
26th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Nun
28
27th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Samech
29 
28th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Ayin
30
29th of Sh'vat
(MEM/NUN)
Peh
31
30th of Sh'vat Rosh Chodesh Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Tzadik


Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday






1
1st of Adar I Rosh Chodesh Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Kuf
2
2nd of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Reish
3
3rd of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Shin
4
4th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Tav
5th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Kaf Sofit
6
6th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Mem Sofit
7
7th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Nun Sofit
8
8th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Peh Sofit
9
9th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN) Tzadik Sofit
10
10th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Alef
11
11th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Bet
12
12th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Gimmel
13
13th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Dalet
14
14th of Adar I Purim Katan
(MEM/NUN)
Heh
15
15th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Vav
16
16th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Zayin
17
17th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Chet
18
18th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Tet
19
19th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Yud
20
20th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Kaf
21
21st of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Lamed
22
22nd of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Mem
23
23rd of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Nun
24
24th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Samech
25
25th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Ayin
26
26th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Peh
27
27th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Tzadik
28
28th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Kuf



Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday






1
29th of Adar I
(MEM/NUN)
Reish
2
30th of Adar I Rosh Chodesh Adar II
(MEM/NUN)
Shin
3
1st of Adar II Rosh Chodesh Adar II
(MEM/NUN)
Tav
4
2nd of Adar II
(MEM/NUN)
(50th Day)
(CYCLE 8)
3rd of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Aleph
6
4th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Bet
7
5th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Gimmel
8
6th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Dalet
9
7th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Heh
10
8th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Vav
11
9th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Zayin
12 
10th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Chet
13
11th of Adar II Ta'anit Esther
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Tet
14
12th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Yud
15
13th of Adar II Erev Purim
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Kaf
16
14th of Adar II Purim
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Lamed
17
15th of Adar II Shushan Purim
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Mem
18
16th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Nun
19 
17th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Samech
20
18th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Ayin
21
19th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Peh
22
20th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Tzadik
23
21st of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Kuf
24
22nd of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Reish
25
23rd of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Shin
26
24th of Adar II
(SAMECH/
AYIN) Tav
27 (CYCLE 9)
25th of Adar II
(PEH/TZADIK)
Alef
28
26th of Adar II
(PEH/TZADIK)
Bet
29
27th of Adar II
(PEH/TZADIK)
Gimmel
30
28th of Adar II
(PEH/TZADIK)
Dalet
31
29th of Adar II
(PEH/TZADIK)
Heh






Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday


1
1st of Nisan Rosh Chodesh Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Vav
2nd of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Zayin
3
3rd of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Chet
4
4th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Tet
5
5th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK) Yud
6
6th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Kaf
7
7th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Lamed
8
8th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Mem
9th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Nun
10
10th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK) Samech
11
11th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Ayin
12
12th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK) Peh
13
13th of Nisan
(PEH/TZADIK)
Tzadik
14
(PEH/TZADIK)
Kuf
15
15th of Nisan Pesach I
(PEH/TZADIK)
Reish
16
16th of Nisan Pesach II
1st of the Omer
(PEH/TZADIK)
Shin
17
17th of Nisan Pesach III 
2nd of the Omer
(PEH/TZADIK)
Tav
18 (CYCLE 10)
18th of Nisan Pesach IV 
3rd of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Aleph
19
19th of Nisan Pesach V 
4th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Bet
20
20th of Nisan Pesach VI 
5th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Gimmel
21
21st of Nisan Pesach VII
6th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH)
Dalet
22
22nd of Nisan Pesach VIII
7th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH)
Heh
23 
23rd of Nisan
8th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH)
Vav
24
24th of Nisan
9th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH)
Zayin
25
25th of Nisan
10th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH)
Chet
26
26th of Nisan
11th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Tet
27
27th of Nisan
12th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Yud
28
28th of Nisan Yom HaShoah
13th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Kaf
29
29th of Nisan
14th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH)
Lamed
30 
30th of Nisan Rosh Chodesh Iyar
15th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Mem






Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday




1
1st of Iyar Rosh Chodesh Iyar
16th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Nun
2
2nd of Iyar
17th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Samech
3
3rd of Iyar
18th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Ayin
4
4th of Iyar
19th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Peh
5
5th of Iyar Yom HaZikaron
20th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Tzadik
6
6th of Iyar Yom HaAtzma'ut
21st of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Kuf
7th of Iyar
22nd of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Reish
8
8th of Iyar
23rd of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Shin
9
9th of Iyar
24th of the Omer
(KUF/REISH) Tav
10 (CYCLE 11)
10th of Iyar
25th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Aleph
11
11th of Iyar
26th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Bet
12
12th of Iyar
27th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Gimmel
13
13th of Iyar
28th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Dalet
14
14th of Iyar Pesach Sheni
29th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Heh
15
15th of Iyar
30th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Vav
16
16th of Iyar
31st of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Zayin
17
17th of Iyar
32nd of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Chet
18
18th of Iyar Lag B'Omer
33rd of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV)
Tet
19
19th of Iyar
34th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Yud
20
20th of Iyar
35th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Kaf
21
21st of Iyar
36th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Lamed
22
22nd of Iyar
37th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Mem
23
23rd of Iyar
38th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Nun
24
24th of Iyar
39th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Samech
25
25th of Iyar
40th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Ayin
26
26th of Iyar
41st of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Peh
27
27th of Iyar
42nd of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Tzadik
28
28th of Iyar Yom Yerushalayim
43rd of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Kuf
29
29th of Iyar
44th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Reish
30
1st of Sivan Rosh Chodesh Sivan
45th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Shin
31
2nd of Sivan
46th of the Omer
(SHIN/TAV) Tav



Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
1 (CYCLE 12)
3rd of Sivan
47th of the Omer
(KAF SOFIT)
Aleph
2
4th of Sivan
48th of the Omer
(KAF SOFIT)
Bet
3
5th of Sivan Erev Shavuot
49th of the Omer
(KAF SOFIT) Gimmel
4
6th of Sivan Shavuot I
(KAF SOFIT) Dalet

5
7th of Sivan Shavuot II
(KAF SOFIT) Heh
6
8th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Vav
7
9th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Zayin
8
10th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT)
Chet
9
11th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT)
Tet
10
12th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Yud
11
13th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Kaf
12
14th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Lamed
13
15th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Mem
14
16th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Nun
15
17th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT)
Samech
16
18th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Ayin
17
19th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Peh
18 
20th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Tzadik
19
21st of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Kuf
20
22nd of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Reish
21
23rd of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Shin
22
24th of Sivan
(KAF SOFIT) Tav
23 (CYCLE 13)
25th of Sivan
(MEM SOFIT) Aleph
24
26th of Sivan
(MEM SOFIT)
Bet
25
27th of Sivan
(MEM SOFIT)
Gimmel
26
28th of Sivan
(MEM SOFIT)
Dalet
27
29th of Sivan
(MEM SOFIT)
Heh
28
30th of Sivan Rosh Chodesh Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT)
Vav
29
1st of Tamuz Rosh Chodesh Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT)
Zayin
30
2nd of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Chet






Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday


3rd of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT)
Tet
4th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT)
Yud
3
5th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Kaf
4
6th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Lamed
5
7th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Mem
6
8th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT)
Nun
7
9th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Samech
8
10th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Ayin
11th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Peh
10
12th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Tzadik
11
13th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Kuf
12
14th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Reish
13
15th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Shin
14
16th of Tamuz
(MEM SOFIT) Tav
15 (CYCLE 14)
17th of Tamuz Tzom Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT)
Aleph
16 
18th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT)
Bet
17
19th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT)
Gimmel
18
20th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT)
Dalet
19
21st of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT) Heh
20
22nd of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT)
Vav
21
23rd of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT)
Zayin
22
24th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT) Chet
23
25th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT) Tet
24
26th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT) Yud
25
27th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT) Kaf
26
28th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT) Lamed
27
29th of Tamuz
(NUN SOFIT) Mem
28
1st of Av Rosh Chodesh Av
(NUN SOFIT) Nun
29
2nd of Av
(NUN SOFIT) Samech
30 
3rd of Av
(NUN SOFIT) Ayin
31
4th of Av
(NUN SOFIT) Peh



Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday





1
5th of Av
(NUN SOFIT) Tzadik
2
6th of Av
(NUN SOFIT) Kuf
3
7th of Av
(NUN SOFIT)
Reish
4
8th of Av Erev Tish'a B'Av
(NUN SOFIT) Shin
5
9th of Av Tish'a B'Av
(NUN SOFIT) Tav
(CYCLE 15)
10th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Aleph
7
11th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Bet
8
12th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Gimmel
9
13th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Dalet
10
14th of Av
(PEH SOFIT)
Heh
11
15th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Vav
12
16th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Zayin
13
17th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Chet
14
18th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Tet
15
19th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Yud
16
20th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Kaf
17
21st of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Lamed
18
22nd of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Mem
19
23rd of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Nun
20 
24th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Samech
21
25th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Ayin
22
26th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Peh
23
27th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Tzadik
24
28th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Kuf
25
29th of Av
(PEH SOFIT) Reish
26
30th of Av Rosh Chodesh Elul
(PEH SOFIT) Shin
27 
1st of Elul Rosh Chodesh Elul
(PEH SOFIT) Tav
28 (CYCLE 16)
2nd of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Aleph
29
3rd of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Bet
30
4th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Gimmel
31
5th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Dalet







Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday

1
6th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Heh
2
7th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Vav
8th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Zayin
4
9th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Chet
5
10th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Tet
6
11th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Yud
7
12th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Kaf
8
13th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Lamed
9
14th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Mem
10
15th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Nun

11
16th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Samech

12
17th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Ayin

13
18th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Peh
14
19th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT)
Tzadik
15
20th of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Kuf
16
21st of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Reish
17
22nd of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Shin 
18
23rd of Elul
(TZADIK SOFIT) Tav
19
24th of Elul
VOWELS
20
25th of Elul
VOWELS
21
 (CYCLE 16 1/2)
26th of Elul
VOWELS

22
27th of Elul
VOWELS

23
28th of Elul
VOWELS
24 
29th of Elul Erev Rosh Hashana
VOWELS
25
 1st of Tishrei, 5775
Rosh Hashana
VOWELS
26
 2nd of Tishrei, 5775
Rosh Hashana II;
VOWELS 
27
 3rd of Tishrei, 5775
VOWELS
28
4th of Tishrei, 5775
VOWELS
29
 5th of Tishrei, 5775
VOWELS
30
 6th of Tishrei, 5775
VOWELS




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