Monday, January 6, 2014

Week 18 (Book 5): Reviewing the First Week of Shevat - Psalms 52-54; 59:9-11; 89:19

PSALMS (Introductions and Translations from Chabad.org):


Chapter 52

David laments his suffering at the hands of Doeg, and speaks of Doeg's boasts about the evil he committed. David asks, "What does he think? Does he consider the doing of evil a mark of strength?" David also curses Doeg and those like him.

1. For the Conductor, a maskil by David, 2. when Doeg the Edomite came and informed Saul, saying to him, "David has come to the house of Achimelech.” 3. Why do you boast with evil, O mighty one? G-d's kindness is all day long. 4. Your tongue devises treachery; like a sharpened razor it works deceit. 5. You love evil more than good, falsehood more than speaking righteousness, Selah. 6. You love all devouring words, a deceitful tongue. 7. G-d will likewise shatter you forever; He will excise and pluck you from the tent, and uproot you from the land of the living forever. 8. The righteous will see it and be awed, and they will laugh at him: 9. "Here is the man who did not make G-d his stronghold, but trusted in his great wealth, and drew strength from his treachery.” 10. But I am like a fresh olive tree in the house of G-d; I trust in G-d's kindness forever and ever. 11. I will thank you forever for what You have done; I will hope in Your Name, for You are good to Your pious ones.

Chapter 53

This psalm speaks of when Titus pierced the curtain of the Holy of Holies with his sword, and thought he had killed "himself" (a euphemism for G-d).

1. For the Conductor, on the machalat,1 a mas-kil2 by David. 2. The fool says in his heart, "There is no G-d!" They have acted corruptly and committed abominable deeds; not one does good. 3. G-d looked down from heaven upon mankind, to see if there was any man of intelligence who searches for G-d. 4. But they all regressed together; they have become corrupt; there is none who does good, not even one. 5. Indeed, the evildoers who devour My people as they devour bread, who do not call upon G-d, will come to realize. 6. There they will be seized with fright, a fright such as never was; for G-d scatters the bones of those encamped against you. You shamed them, for G-d rejected them. 7. O that out of Zion would come Israel's deliverance! When G-d returns the captivity of His people, Jacob will exult, Israel will rejoice.

Chapter 54

A prayer to G-d asking that in His might He save all who hope for His kindness. Read, and you will discover an awe-inspiring and wondrous prayer that should be said by all in the appropriate time.

1. For the Conductor, with instrumental music, a maskil by David, 2. when the Ziphites came and said to Saul, "Behold, David is hiding among us!” 3. O G-d, deliver me by Your Name, and vindicate me by Your might. 4. G-d, hear my prayer, listen to the words of my mouth. 5. For strangers have risen against me, and ruthless men have sought my soul; they are not mindful of G-d, Selah. 6. Behold, G-d is my helper; my Lord is with those who support my soul. 7. He will repay the evil of my watchful enemies; destroy them by Your truth. 8. With a free-will offering I will sacrifice to You; I will offer thanks to Your Name, O Lord, for it is good. 9. For He has saved me from every trouble, and my eye has seen [the downfall of] my enemy. 

TIKKUN HAKLALI

Chapter 59

9. But You, Lord, You laugh at them; You mock all nations. 10. [Because of] his might, I wait for You, for G-d is my stronghold. 11. The G-d of my kindness will anticipate my [need]; G-d will show me [the downfall] of my watchful foes. 


PSALM 89

19. For our protectors turn to the Lord, and our king to the Holy One of Israel. 
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